shame
Pronunciation Noun

shame (uncountable)

  1. Uncomfortable or painful feeling due to recognition or consciousness of one's own impropriety or dishonor or something being exposed that should have been kept private.
    When I realized that I had hurt my friend, I felt deep shame.
    The teenager couldn’t bear the shame of introducing his parents.
    • c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene i]:
      Have you no modesty, no maiden shame?
  2. Something to regret.
    It was a shame not to see the show after driving all that way.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, “Sonnet 34”, in Shake-speares Sonnets. Neuer before Imprinted, London: By G[eorge] Eld for T[homas] T[horpe] and are to be sold by William Aspley, OCLC 216596634 ↗:
      Nor can thy ſhame giue phiſicke to my griefe,
    • , Evelyn "Champagne" King, in the song Shame
      And what you do to me is a shame.
  3. Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonour; ignominy; derision.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Ezekiel 36:6 ↗:
      […] because ye haue borne the shame of the heathen,
    • 1733, [Alexander Pope], An Essay on Man. […], (please specify ), London: Printed for J[ohn] Wilford, […], OCLC 960856019 ↗:
    • And every woe a tear can claim / Except an erring sister's shame.
  4. The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach and ignominy.
    • guides who are the shame of religion
  5. That which is shameful and private, especially private parts.
    • 1611, KJV, Jubilees 3:22:
      And he took fig leaves and sewed them together and made an apron for himself. And he covered his shame.
    • 1991, Martha Graham, Blood Memory, Washington Square Press
      She turns to lift her robe, and lays it across her as though she were revealing her shame, as though she were naked.
Synonyms Antonyms
  • (uncomfortable or painful feeling) honor
Translations Translations Translations Interjection
  1. A cry of admonition for the subject of a speech, often used reduplicated, especially in political debates.
    • 1982, "Telecommunications Bill ↗", Hansard
      Mr John Golding: One would not realise that it came from the same Government, because in that letter the Under-Secretary states: "The future of BT's pension scheme is a commercial matter between BT, its workforce, and the trustees of the pensions scheme, and the Government cannot give any guarantees about future pension arrangements."
      Mr. Charles R. Morris: Shame.
    • 1831, [http://books.google.de/books?id=a3FIAAAAYAAJ&vq=shame!&hl=de&pg=PA42#v=onepage&q&f=false The Bristol Job Nott; or, Labouring Man's Friend]
      [...] the Duke of Dorset charged in the list with "not known, but supposed forty thousand per year" (charitable supposition) had when formerly in office only about 3 or £4,000, and has not now, nor when the black list was printed, any office whatever -- (Much tumult, and cries of "shame" and "doust the liars")
  2. (South Africa) Expressing sympathy.
    Shame, you poor thing, you must be cold!
Verb

shame (shames, present participle shaming; past and past participle shamed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to feel shame.
    I was shamed by the teacher's public disapproval.
    • Were there but one righteous in the world, he would […] shame the world, and not the world him.
  2. To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to disgrace.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: Printed [by John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938 ↗, book II, canto VIII, stanza 13, page 295 ↗:
      And with fowle cowardize his carcas ſhame,
  3. (transitive) To drive or compel by shame.
    The politician was shamed into resigning.
  4. (obsolete, intransitive) To feel shame, be ashamed.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/MaloryWks2/1:9.22?rgn=div2;view=fulltext chapter xxij], in Le Morte Darthur, book VII:
      Broder she said I can not telle yow For it was not done by me nor by myn assente / For he is my lord and I am his / and he must be myn husband / therfore my broder I wille that ye wete I shame me not to be with hym / nor to doo hym alle the pleasyr that I can
    • c. 1607–1608, William Shakeſpeare, The Late, And much admired Play, Called Pericles, Prince of Tyre. […], London: Imprinted at London for Henry Goſſon,  […], published 1609, OCLC 78596089 ↗, [Act IV, scene iii]:
      I do ſhame to thinke of what a noble ſtraine you are, and of how coward a ſpirit.
  5. (obsolete, transitive) To mock at; to deride.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Psalms 14:6 ↗:
      Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD is his refuge.
Synonyms Antonyms Translations


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