shear (shears, present participle shearing; past sheared, past participle shorn)
- To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
- 1609, William Shakespeare, “Sonnet 68”, in Shake-speares Sonnets. Neuer before Imprinted, London: By G[eorge] Eld for T[homas] T[horpe] and are to be sold by William Aspley, OCLC 216596634 ↗:
- the golden tresses […] were shorn away
- To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping.
- (physics) To deform because of forces pushing in opposite directions.
- (mathematics) To transform by displacing every point in a direction parallel to some given line by a distance proportional to the point’s distance from the line.
- (mining, intransitive) To make a vertical cut in the coal.
- (Scotland) To reap, as grain.
- (figurative) To deprive of property; to fleece.
- French: couper
- German: abschneiden, schneiden, scheren (hair, beard)
- Italian: tagliare
- Portuguese: cortar, tosquiar (with shears)
- Russian: ре́зать
- Spanish: cizallar, cortar
- French: tondre
- German: scheren
- Italian: tosare
- Portuguese: tosar, tosquiar
- Russian: стричь
- Spanish: esquilar, tonsurar, tundir
- A cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger.
- Synonyms: shears
- short of the wool, and naked from the shear
- The act of shearing, or something removed by shearing.
- After the second shearing, he is a two-shear ram; […] at the expiration of another year, he is a three-shear ram; the name always taking its date from the time of shearing.
- (physics) Forces that push in opposite directions.
- (mathematics) A transformation that displaces every point in a direction parallel to some given line by a distance proportional to the point’s distance from the line.
- (geology) The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress, resulting in particular textures.
- French: cisailles, cisaille, tondeuse
- Italian: cesoia
- Portuguese: tosquiadeira
- Russian: ножницы
- Spanish: cizalla
- Misspelling of sheer