stain
Pronunciation Noun

stain (plural stains)

  1. A discoloured spot or area.
  2. A blemish on one's character or reputation.
  3. A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it.
  4. A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible.
  5. (heraldry) Any of a number of non-standard tinctures used in modern heraldry.
Translations Translations Translations Translations Verb

stain (stains, present participle staining; past and past participle stained)

  1. (transitive) To discolour.
    to stain the hand with dye
    armour stained with blood
  2. To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 8”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      of Honour void,
      Of Innocence, of Faith, of Puritie,
      Our wonted Ornaments now soild and staind
  3. To coat a surface with a stain
    to stain wood with acids, coloured washes, paint rubbed in, etc.
    the stained glass used for church windows
  4. (intransitive) To become stained; to take a stain.
  5. (transitive, cytology) To treat (a microscopic specimen) with a dye, especially one that dyes specific features
  6. To cause to seem inferior or soiled by comparison.
    • c. 1607–1611, Francis Beaumont; John Fletcher, “Cupid’s Revenge”, in Comedies and Tragedies […], London: Printed for Humphrey Robinson, […], and for Humphrey Moseley […], published 1679, OCLC 3083972 ↗, Act 2, scene 2:
      She stains the ripest virgins of her age.
    • that did all other beasts in beauty stain
Translations
  • Russian: па́чкать
Translations Translations Translations


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