- IPA: /steɪn/
stain (plural stains)
- A discoloured spot or area.
- A blemish on one's character or reputation.
- A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it.
- A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible.
- (heraldry) Any of a number of non-standard tinctures used in modern heraldry.
- French: tache
- German: Fleck
- Italian: macchia, chiazza, patacca (figuratively)
- Portuguese: nódoa, mancha, mácula
- Russian: пятно́
- Spanish: mancha, lamparón (colloquial; on clothing - esp. from sweat or grease)
- Spanish: contraste
stain (stains, present participle staining; past and past participle stained)
- (transitive) To discolour.
- to stain the hand with dye
- armour stained with blood
- To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
- 1667, John Milton, “Book 8”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
- of Honour void,
Of Innocence, of Faith, of Puritie,
Our wonted Ornaments now soild and staind
- To coat a surface with a stain
- to stain wood with acids, coloured washes, paint rubbed in, etc.
- the stained glass used for church windows
- (intransitive) To become stained; to take a stain.
- (transitive, cytology) To treat (a microscopic specimen) with a dye, especially one that dyes specific features
- To cause to seem inferior or soiled by comparison.
- c. 1607–1611, Francis Beaumont; John Fletcher, “Cupid’s Revenge”, in Comedies and Tragedies […], London: Printed for Humphrey Robinson, […], and for Humphrey Moseley […], published 1679, OCLC 3083972 ↗, Act 2, scene 2:
- She stains the ripest virgins of her age.
- that did all other beasts in beauty stain
- Russian: па́чкать