stave (plural staves)
- One of a number of narrow strips of wood, or narrow iron plates, placed edge to edge to form the sides, covering, or lining of a vessel or structure; especially, one of the strips which form the sides of a cask, a pail, etc.
- One of the bars or rounds of a rack, rungs of a ladder, etc; one of the cylindrical bars of a lantern wheel
- (poetry) A metrical portion; a stanza; a staff.
- Let us chant a passing stave / In honour of that hero brave.
- (music) The five horizontal and parallel lines on and between which musical notes are written or pointed; the staff.
- A staff or walking stick.
- A sign, symbol or sigil, including rune or rune-like characters, used in Icelandic magic.
- Russian: по́сох
stave (staves, present participle staving; past and past participle stove)
- (transitive) To fit or furnish with staves or rundles. [from 1540s]
- (transitive, usually with 'in') To break in the staves of; to break a hole in; to burst. [from 1590s]
- to stave in a cask
- 1743, Robert Drury (sailor), The Pleasant, and Surprizing Adventures of Mr. Robert Drury, during his Fifteen Years Captivity on the Island of Madagascar, London, p. 12,
- A great Sea constant runs here upon the Rocks, and before they got to Land their Boat was stav’d in Pieces […]
- 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, Chapter 22:
- Be careful in the hunt, ye mates. Don’t stave the boats needlessly, ye harpooneers; good white cedar plank is raised full three per cent within the year.
- (transitive, with 'off') To push, or keep off, as with a staff. [from 1620s]
- The condition of a servant staves him off to a distance.
- (transitive, usually with 'off') To delay by force or craft; to drive away.
- We ate grass in an attempt to stave off our hunger.
- (intransitive, rare or archaic) To burst in pieces by striking against something.
- (intransitive, old-fashioned or dialect) To walk or move rapidly.
- To suffer, or cause to be lost by breaking the cask.
- All the wine in the city has been staved.
- To render impervious or solid by driving with a calking iron.
- to stave lead, or the joints of pipes into which lead has been run