1. (uncountable) The process of treating something to kill or inactivate microorganisms.
    Heat sterilization is used during canning so the food can be safely stored for long periods.
  2. (uncountable) A procedure to permanently prevent an organism from reproducing.
    Spaying a cat is a form of sterilization to limit the population growth.
  3. (countable) an instance of a sterilization procedure
    The vet performed several sterilizations this week.
  4. (uncountable) A monetary policy operation used to offset a foreign exchange intervention.
    The Federal Reserve is responsible for foreign exchange sterilization.
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