sterilization
Noun

sterilization

  1. (uncountable) The process of treating something to kill or inactivate microorganisms.
    Heat sterilization is used during canning so the food can be safely stored for long periods.
  2. (uncountable) A procedure to permanently prevent an organism from reproducing.
    Spaying a cat is a form of sterilization to limit the population growth.
  3. (countable) an instance of a sterilization procedure
    The vet performed several sterilizations this week.
  4. (uncountable) A monetary policy operation used to offset a foreign exchange intervention.
    The Federal Reserve is responsible for foreign exchange sterilization.
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