stock
Pronunciation
  • (British) enPR: stŏk, IPA: /stɒk/
  • (America) enPR: stäk, IPA: /stɑk/

Noun

stock

  1. A store or supply.
    1. (operations) A store of goods ready for sale; inventory.
      We have a stock of televisions on hand.
    2. A supply of anything ready for use.
      Lay in a stock of wood for the winter season.
    3. Railroad rolling stock.
    4. (cards, in a card game) A stack of undealt cards made available to the players.
    5. Farm or ranch animals; livestock.
    6. The population of a given type of animal (especially fish) available to be captured from the wild for economic use.
  2. (finance) The capital raised by a company through the issue of shares. The total of shares held by an individual shareholder.
    1. The price or value of the stock for a company on the stock market.
      When the bad news came out, the company's stock dropped precipitously.
    2. (figurative) The measure of how highly a person or institution is valued.
      After that last screw-up of mine, my stock is pretty low around here.
    3. Any of several types of security that are similar to a stock, or marketed like one.
  3. The raw material from which things are made; feedstock.
    1. (cooking, uncountable, countable) Broth made from meat (originally bones) or vegetables, used as a basis for stew or soup.
    2. The type of paper used in printing.
      The books were printed on a heavier stock this year.
    3. Ellipsis of film stock
    4. Plain soap before it is coloured and perfumed.
  4. Stock theater, summer stock theater.
  5. The trunk and woody main stems of a tree. The base from which something grows or branches.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Job 14:8–9 ↗:
      Though the roote thereof waxe old in the earth, and the stocke thereof die in the ground: Yet through the sent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughes like a plant.
    1. (horticulture) The plant upon which the scion is graft#Verb|grafted.
      • 1626, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum, Or, A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries
        The cion overruleth the stock quite.
    2. lineage, family, ancestry.
      1. (linguistics) A larger grouping of language families: a superfamily or macrofamily.
  6. Any of the several species of cruciferous flowers in the genus Matthiola.
  7. A handle or stem to which the working part of an implement or weapon is attached.
    1. (firearm) The part of a rifle or shotgun that rests against the shooter's shoulder.
    2. The handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
  8. Part of a machine that supports items or holds them in place.
    1. The headstock of a lathe, drill, etc.
    2. The tailstock of a lathe.
  9. A bar, stick or rod.
    1. A ski pole.
    2. (nautical) A bar going through an anchor, perpendicular to the flukes.
    3. (nautical) The axle attached to the rudder, which transfers the movement of the helm to the rudder.
    4. (geology) A pipe (vertical cylinder of ore)
  10. A type of (now formal or official) neckwear.
    1. A necktie or cravat, particularly a wide necktie popular in the eighteenth century, often seen today as a part of formal wear for horse riding competitions.
      • 1915, W. Somerset Maugham, "Of Human Bondage", chapter 116:
        He wore a brown tweed suit and a white stock. His clothes hung loosely about him as though they had been made for a much larger man. He looked like a respectable farmer of the middle of the nineteenth century.
      • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 417:
        His grey waistcoat sported pearl buttons, and he wore a stock which set off to admiration a lean and aquiline face which was almost as grey as the rest of him.
    2. A piece of black cloth worn under a clerical collar.
  11. A bed for infants; a crib, cot, or cradle
  12. (folklore) A piece of wood magically made to be just like a real baby and substituted for it by magical beings.
  13. (obsolete) A cover for the legs; a stocking.
  14. A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.
    • 1673, John Milton, “Sonnet XV. On the late Maſſacher in Piemont.”, in Poems, &c. upon Several Occaſions., London: Printed for Tho. Dring […] , OCLC 1050806759 ↗, page 58 ↗:
      When all our Fathers worſhip't Stocks and Stones,
    • Item, for a stock of brass for the holy water, seven shillings; which, by the canon, must be of marble or metal, and in no case of brick.
  15. (by extension, obsolete) A person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.
    • c. 1590–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene i]:
      Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks.
  16. (UK, historical) The longest part of a split tally stick formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness.
  17. (shipbuilding, in the plural) The frame or timbers on which a ship rests during construction.
  18. (UK, in the plural) Red and grey bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
  19. (biology) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of individuals, such as as trees, chains of salpae, etc.
  20. The beater of a fulling mill.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations
  • French: pioche
  • Russian: коло́да
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • French: jas
  • Russian: шток
Translations
  • Russian: ста́пель
Translations
  • Russian: га́лстук
Translations
Verb

stock (stocks, present participle stocking; past and past participle stocked)

  1. To have on hand for sale.
    The store stocks all kinds of dried vegetables.
  2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to supply.
    to stock a warehouse with goods
    to stock a farm, i.e. to supply it with cattle and tools
    to stock land, i.e. to occupy it with a permanent growth, especially of grass
  3. To allow (cows) to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more prior to sale.
  4. To put in the stocks as punishment.
  5. (nautical) To fit (an anchor) with a stock, or to fasten the stock firmly in place.
  6. (card games, dated) To arrange cards in a certain manner for cheating purposes; to stack the deck.

Adjective

stock (not comparable)

  1. Of a type normally available for purchase/in stock.
    stock items
    stock sizes
  2. (racing, of a race car) Having the same configuration as cars sold to the non-racing public, or having been modified from such a car.
  3. Straightforward, ordinary, just another, very basic.
    That band is quite stock
    He gave me a stock answer
Translations
Noun

stock (plural stocks)

  1. A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.

Stock
Proper noun
  1. A village in Essex, England.
  2. Surname



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