• (RP) IPA: /ˈsʌkə/
  • (GA) enPR: sŭkər, IPA: /ˈsʌkɚ/, /ˈsə-/

succour (Australian spelling, British spelling, Canadian spelling)

  1. (uncountable, archaic or obsolete) Aid, assistance, or relief given to one in distress#Noun|distress; ministration.
    • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “Februarie. Aegloga Se[c]unda.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: […], London: Printed by Hugh Singleton, […], OCLC 606515406 ↗; republished as The Shepheardes Calender, […], imprinted at London: By Iohn Wolfe for Iohn Harrison the yonger, […], 1586, OCLC 837880809 ↗, folio 6, verso ↗:
      Now ſtands the Brere like a Lord alone, / Puffed up with pryde and vaine pleaſaunce: / But all this glee had no continuaunce. / For eftſoones Winter gan to approche, / The bluſtring Boreas did encroche, / And beate upon the ſolitarie Brere: / For nowe no ſuccour was ſeene him neere.
    • c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene iv], page 192 ↗, column 1:
      Bring vs where we may reſt our ſelues, and feed: / Here's a yong maid with trauaile much oppreſſed, / And faints for ſuccour.
    • 1623 (first performance), John Fletcher; William Rowley, “The Maid in the Mill”, in Comedies and Tragedies […], London: Printed for Humphrey Robinson, […], and for Humphrey Moseley […], published 1647, OCLC 3083972 ↗, Act IV, scene ii, page 12 ↗, column 1:
      Wee'll take up cudgels, and have one bowt with 'em, / They ſhall know nothing of this union: / And till they find themſelves moſt deſperate, / Succour ſhall never ſee 'em.
  2. (uncountable, military) Aid or assistance in the form of military equipment and soldier#Noun|soldiers, especially reinforcements sent to support#Verb|support military action.
  3. (uncountable, obsolete, except, dialectal) Protection, refuge, shelter#Noun|shelter; (countable) a place#Noun|place providing such protection, refuge or shelter.
    • 1580, Thomas Tusser, “Decembers Husbandrie”, in Fiue Hundred Pointes of Good Husbandrie: […], imprinted at London: By Henrie Denham [beeing the assigne of William Seres] […], OCLC 837741850 ↗; republished as W[illiam] Payne and Sidney J[ohn Hervon] Herrtage, editors, Five Hundred Pointes of Good Husbandrie. […], London: Published for the English Dialect Society by Trübner & Co., […], 1878, OCLC 7391867535 ↗, stanza 22, page 64 ↗:
      The gilleflower also, the skilful doe knowe, / doe looke to be couered, in frost and in snowe. / The knot, and the border, and rosemarie gaie, / do craue the like succour for dieng awaie.
Translations Verb

succour (succours, present participle succouring; past and past participle succoured) (Australian spelling, British spelling, Canadian spelling)

  1. (transitive) To give aid#Noun|aid, assistance, or help#Noun|help.
    Synonyms: Thesaurus:help
    Antonyms: Thesaurus:hurt
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: Printed [by John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938 ↗, book II, canto III, stanza 31, page 227 ↗:
      [A]s that famous Queene / Of Amazons, whom Pyrrhus did deſtroy, / The day that firſt of Priame ſhe was ſeene, / Did ſhew her ſelfe in great triumphant ioy, / To ſuccour the weake ſtate of ſad afflicted Troy.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Hebrews 2:18 ↗, column 2:
      For in that he himſelfe [Jesus Christ#English|Jesus Christ] hath ſuffered, being tempted, he is able to ſuccour them that are tempted.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, 1 Maccabees 12:15 ↗, column 2:
      For wee haue helpe from heauen that ſuccoureth vs, ſo as we are deliuered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought vnder foote.
    • 1854, Dante [Alighieri], “Canto XXXIII”, in C[harles] B[agot] Cayley, transl., Dante’s Divine Comedy. The Paradise: Translated in the Original Ternary Rhyme, volume, London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 559009083 ↗, lines 16–18, page 245 ↗:
      Not him alone, who seeks thy clemency, / Thou succorest, but oftentimes in sooth, / Outrunnest prayer with liberality.
    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, “The Star-Child”, in A House of Pomegranates, London: James R[ipley] Osgood, McIlvaine & Co […], OCLC 2630344 ↗, page 154 ↗:
      "How shall I reward thee," cried the Star-Child, "for lo! this is the third time thou hast succoured me."
    • 1923, Compton Mackenzie, “The First Sermon”, in The Parson’s Progress, London; New York, N.Y.: Cassell and Company, OCLC 2004982 ↗, page 23 ↗:
      Mark did actually feel that he was being suffocated, and the silence of the waiting congregation roared in his ears like a flood of waters. [...] His heart beat with such violence that, when he fought his way up and out of the great whirlpool and beheld again the pale, upturned features of his listeners flickering in the homely gaslight, he was astonished that their hands were not stretched out to succour him.
  2. (transitive, military) To provide aid or assistance in the form of military equipment and soldier#Noun|soldiers; in particular, for help#Verb|helping a place under siege#Noun|siege.
  3. (transitive, obsolete, except, dialectal) To protect, to shelter#Verb|shelter; to provide a refuge.
    • 1684, John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress. From This World to That which is to Come: The Second Part. […], London: Printed for Nathaniel Ponder […], OCLC 752743029 ↗; reprinted in The Pilgrim’s Progress as Originally Published by John Bunyan: Being a Fac-simile Reproduction of the First Edition, London: Elliot Stock […], 1875, OCLC 222146756 ↗, page 157 ↗:
      By this River ſide in the medow, there were Cotes and Folds for Sheep, [...] [B]y theſe Waters they might be houſed, harboured, suckered, and nouriſhed, [...]