suffer (suffers, present participle suffering; past and past participle suffered)
- (intransitive) To undergo hardship.
- (intransitive) To feel pain.
- At least he didn't suffer when he died in the car crash.
- (intransitive) To become worse.
- If you keep partying like this, your school-work will suffer.
- (transitive) To endure, undergo.
- c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals):
- If you may pleaſe to thinke I loue the King, / And through him, what’s neereſt to him, which is / Your gracious ſelfe; embrace but my direction, / If your more ponderous and ſetled proiect may ſuffer alteration.
- I've been suffering your insults for years.
- We hope you never have to suffer the same pain.
- (transitive, archaic) To allow.
, The U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 203:
- "Employ" includes to suffer or permit to work.
, Section 31-36 of the Code of Montgomery County, Maryland:
- […] it shall be unlawful for any person to cause, allow, permit or suffer any vehicle to be parked […] beyond the period of time established by the duration of the parking meter […]
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Exodus 22:18 ↗:
- Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Matthew 19:14 ↗:
- But Jesus said, suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.
- (undergo hardship) bear
- (feel pain) agonize, anguish, thole; See also Thesaurus:suffer
- (become worse) deteriorate, worsen; See also Thesaurus:worsen
- (endure, undergo) bear, dree, thole; See also Thesaurus:tolerate
- (allow) permit
- French: souffrir
- German: leiden
- Italian: soffrire, penare, patire
- Portuguese: sofrer
- Russian: страда́ть
- Spanish: sufrir, penar
- French: endurer, souffrir, supporter, subir
- German: erleiden
- Italian: subire
- Portuguese: sofrer
- Russian: выде́рживать