- IPA: /ˈsʌfəkeɪt/
suffocate (suffocates, present participle suffocating; past and past participle suffocated)
- (ergative) To suffer, or cause someone to suffer, from severely reduced oxygen intake to the body.
- Open the hatch, he is suffocating in the airlock!
- (ergative) To die due to, or kill someone by means of, insufficient oxygen supply to the body.
- He suffocated his wife by holding a pillow over her head.
- 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene vi]:
- Let not hemp his windpipe suffocate.
- (ergative, figuratively) To overwhelm, or be overwhelmed (by a person or issue), as though with oxygen deprivation.
- I'm suffocating under this huge workload.
- (transitive) To destroy; to extinguish.
- to suffocate fire
- (To suffer from reduced oxygen) asphyxiate, choke
- (To die from insufficient oxygen) stifle, choke
- (To be overwhelmed) drown
- (To reduce oxygen supply) asphyxiate, choke, smother
- (To kill by deprivation of oxygen) asphyxiate, choke, stifle
- (To make weary with contact) smother
- (obsolete) Suffocated; choked.