see also: Summer
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈsʌmə(ɹ)/
  • (GA) enPR: sŭmʹər, IPA: /ˈsʌmɚ/


  1. One of four seasons, traditionally the second, marked by the longest and typically hottest days of the year due to the inclination of the Earth and thermal lag. Typically regarded as being from June 21 to September 22 or 23 in parts of the USA, the months of June, July and August in the United Kingdom and the months of December, January and February in the Southern Hemisphere.
    the heat of summer
    • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter II, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], OCLC 16832619 ↗:
      At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
  2. (poetic or humorous) year; ngd used to give the age of a person, usually a young one.
    He was barely eighteen summers old.
    She had seen not more than twenty summers.
  3. (countable, fashion) Someone with light, pinkish skin that has a blue undertone, light hair and eyes, seen as best suited to certain colors of clothing.
Antonyms Translations Verb

summer (summers, present participle summering; past and past participle summered)

  1. (intransitive) To spend the summer, as in a particular place on holiday.
    We like to summer in the Mediterranean.
  • Portuguese: veranear
  • Russian: проводи́ть ле́то
  • Spanish: veranear

summer (plural summers)

  1. (obsolete) A pack-horse.
  2. A horizontal beam supporting a building.
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 43, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes, […], book I, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount […], OCLC 946730821 ↗:
      And we are warned, that the foundation or maine summers of our houses faile and shrinke, when we see the quarters bend, or wals to breake.
  • (horizontal beam) summer-tree
  • Russian: ба́лка

summer (plural summers)

  1. A person who sums.
  2. A machine or algorithm that sums.
    • 2016, George H. Olsen, ‎Ian Burdess, Computers and Microprocessors: Made Simple (page 36)
      The output of the summer is therefore fed into the input of the first integrator.

Proper noun
  1. A female given name of modern usage, often given to girls born in summer.
  2. Surname

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