• (GA) IPA: /ˈsʌnbɝn/
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈsʌnbɜːn/


  1. A burn on the skin caused by excess exposure to the sun's rays.
Related terms Translations Verb

sunburn (sunburns, present participle sunburning; past and past participle sunburned)

  1. (intransitive) To receive a sunburn.
    • circa 1613 John Webster, The Duchess of Malfi, London: D.N. and T.C., 1678, Act V, Scene 2, p. 64,
      I have brought
      Your grace a Salamanders skin, to keep you
      From sun-burning.
    • 1724, Aaron Hill (writer), The Plain Dealer, No. 81, 28 December, 1724, London: S. Richardson and A. Wilde, Volume 2, p. 199,
      […] there is a a Country, in the World, call’d Turkey; where Women are secur’d against the Danger of Sun-burning, by being kept out of the open Air, and lock’d up, like other Jewels, in Places where no Mischief can reach ’em.
  2. (transitive) To burn or tan (someone's skin) by the sun; to allow (a part of one's body) to become sunburnt.
    • 1668, John Dryden, Sir Martin Mar-all, London: H. Herringman, Act II, p. 11,
      My Aunt charg’d me not to pull off my Glove for fear of Sun-burning my hand.
    • 1957, Jack Kerouac, On the Road, Penguin, 1999, Part 3, Chapter 1, p. 171,
      As we crossed the Colorado-Utah border I saw God in the sky in the form of huge gold sunburning clouds above the desert […]
    • 1989, Barbara Kingsolver, The Bean Trees, New York: Harper and Row, Chapter 7, p. 95,
      “Oh shoot, I’ve sunburned the top half of my boobs,” she said, frowning down her chest.
  • French: attraper un coup de soleil
  • German: Sonnenbrand bekommen
  • Portuguese: apanhar um escaldão
  • Russian: обгоре́ть на со́лнце
  • Spanish: quemarse la piel

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