surcharge
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /ˈsɜː(ɹ)t͡ʃɑː(ɹ)d͡ʒ/
Noun

surcharge (plural surcharges)

  1. An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
    Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
  2. An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
  3. (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
  4. (art) A painting in lighter enamel over a darker one that serves as the ground.
  5. (legal) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party.
  6. (legal) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
  7. (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Nobility
      A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense.
  8. (legal, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.
Translations Translations Translations
  • Russian: надпеча́тка
  • Spanish: sobrecarga
Translations
  • Russian: пеня́
Verb

surcharge (surcharges, present participle surcharging; past and past participle surcharged)

  1. To apply a surcharge.
  2. To overload; to overburden.
    to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
    • 1675, John Dryden, Aureng-zebe:
      Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, / Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
    • 1820, Charles Maturin, Melmoth the Wanderer, volume 1, page 150:
      The threat was soon fulfilled; the evening came on, prematurely darkened by clouds that seemed surcharged with a deluge.
  3. (legal) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
  4. To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
Antonyms Translations
  • Italian: applicare un sovrapprezzo
  • Portuguese: sobretaxar
  • Spanish: sobretasar, supertasar, recargar



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