• IPA: /ˈsɜː(ɹ)t͡ʃɑː(ɹ)d͡ʒ/

surcharge (plural surcharges)

  1. An addition of extra charge on the agreed or stated price.
    Our airline tickets cost twenty dollars more than we expected because we had to pay a fuel surcharge.
  2. An excessive price charged e.g. to an unsuspecting customer.
  3. (philately) An overprint on a stamp that alters (usually raises) the original nominal value of the stamp; used especially in times of hyperinflation.
  4. (art) A painting in lighter enamel over a darker one that serves as the ground.
  5. (legal) A charge that has been omitted from an account as payment of a credit to the charged party.
  6. (legal) A penalty for failure to exercise common prudence and skill in the performance of a fiduciary's duties.
  7. (obsolete) An excessive load or burden.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Nobility
      A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense.
  8. (legal, obsolete) The putting, by a commoner, of more animals on the common than he is entitled to.
Translations Translations Translations
  • Russian: надпеча́тка
  • Spanish: sobrecarga
  • Russian: пеня́

surcharge (surcharges, present participle surcharging; past and past participle surcharged)

  1. To apply a surcharge.
  2. To overload; to overburden.
    to surcharge an animal or a ship; to surcharge a cannon
    • 1675, John Dryden, Aureng-zebe:
      Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, / Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
    • 1820, Charles Maturin, Melmoth the Wanderer, volume 1, page 150:
      The threat was soon fulfilled; the evening came on, prematurely darkened by clouds that seemed surcharged with a deluge.
  3. (legal) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into (e.g. a common) than one has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain.
  4. To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
Antonyms Translations
  • Italian: applicare un sovrapprezzo
  • Portuguese: sobretaxar
  • Spanish: sobretasar, supertasar, recargar

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