synecdoche
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /sɪˈnɛk.də.ki/, /sɪˈnɛk.doʊ.ki/
Noun

synecdoche

  1. (figure of speech) A figure of speech that uses the name of a part of something to represent the whole, or the whole to represent a part.
    hypo en
    Hypernyms: metonymy
    • [1835, L[arret] Langley, A Manual of the Figures of Rhetoric, […], Doncaster: Printed by C. White, Baxter-Gate, OCLC 1062248511 ↗, page 9 ↗:
      Synecdoche the whole for part will take,
      Or part for whole, just for the metre's sake.]
    • 2002, Christopher Hitchens, "Martin Amis: Lightness at Midnight", The Atlantic, Sep 2002:
      "Holocaust" can become a tired synecdoche for war crimes in general.
  2. (rhetoric) The use of this figure of speech.
    Synonyms: synecdochy
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