syntagma
Pronunciation
  • (RP) enPR: sĭntăgʹmə, IPA: /sɪnˈtæɡmə/,
Noun

syntagma (plural syntagmata)

  1. (linguistics) A constituent segment within a text, such as a word or a phrase that forms a syntactic unit.
    The syntagma “the God of peace” (in Greek ὁ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης) occurs in all undisputed Pauline letters.
  2. (semiotics) An arrangement of units that together bears a meaning.
    To combine a sequence of shots into a larger syntagma, there has to be a connection between the successive shots.
  3. (history) A Macedonian phalanx fighting formation consisting of 256 men with long spears (sarissae).
    The men forming the syntagma were arranged in a square of sixteen files of sixteen.
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