truck
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /tɹʌk/, IPA: /t͡ʃɹʌk/
Noun

truck

  1. A small wheel or roller, specifically the wheel of a gun carriage.
    • 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, Wyandotte, [https://web.archive.org/web/20140525073150/http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=%2Ftexts%2Fenglish%2Fmodeng%2Fpublicsearch%2Fmodengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=768645758&tag=073v2&query=truck&id=eaf073v2 Chapter 3]
      “Put that cannon up once, and I'll answer for it that no Injin faces it. 'Twill be as good as a dozen sentinels,” answered Joel. “As for mountin’, I thought of that before I said a syllable about the crittur. There's the new truck-wheels in the court, all ready to hold it, and the carpenters can put the hinder part to the whull, in an hour or two.”
  2. The ball on top of a flagpole.
  3. (nautical) On a wooden mast, a circular disc (or sometimes a rectangle) of wood near or at the top of the mast, usually with holes or sheaves to reeve signal halyards; also a temporary or emergency place for a lookout. "Main" refers to the mainmast, whereas a truck on another mast may be called (on the mizzenmast, for example) "mizzen-truck".
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, [https://web.archive.org/web/20140525073130/http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=%2Ftexts%2Fenglish%2Fmodeng%2Fpublicsearch%2Fmodengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=470730770&tag=EAF642&query=truck&id=eaf642 Chapter 9.]
      But oh! shipmates! on the starboard hand of every woe, there is a sure delight; and higher the top of that delight, than the bottom of the woe is deep. Is not the main-truck higher than the kelson is low?
  4. (countable, uncountable, US, Australia) A semi-tractor ("semi") trailer; (British) a lorry.
    Mexican open-bed trucks haul most of the fresh produce that comes into the United States from Mexico.
    • 1922, Sinclair Lewis, Babbit, [https://web.archive.org/web/20140525073155/http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=%2Ftexts%2Fenglish%2Fmodeng%2Fpublicsearch%2Fmodengpub.o2w&act=text&offset=431826066&textreg=2&query=truck&id=LewBabb Chapter 1]
      A line of fifty trucks from the Zenith Steel and Machinery Company was attacked by strikers-rushing out from the sidewalk, pulling drivers from the seats, smashing carburetors and commutators, while telephone girls cheered from the walk, and small boys heaved bricks.
  5. Any motor vehicle designed for carrying cargo, including delivery vans, pickups, and other motorized vehicles (including passenger autos) fitted with a bed designed to carry goods.
  6. A garden cart, a two-wheeled wheelbarrow.
  7. A small wagon or cart, of various designs, pushed or pulled by hand or (obsolete) pulled by an animal, as with those in hotels for moving luggage, or in libraries for transporting books.
    • 18, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 3, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume (please specify ), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 1069526323 ↗:
    • 1906, Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, Chapter 3
      From the doors of these rooms went men with loaded trucks, to the platform where freight cars were waiting to be filled; and one went out there and realized with a start that he had come at last to the ground floor of this enormous building.
  8. A pantechnicon (removal van).
  9. (UK, rail transport) A flatbed railway car; a flatcar.
    • 1913, D.H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 15
      Far away he could hear the sharp clinking of the trucks on the railway.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, Chapter VI, p. 77,
      Then she went off with Nawnim, past the three coaches provided for superior passengers, to the trucks at the front, where the crowd was entirely black.
  10. (US, rail transport) A pivoting frame, one attached to the bottom of the bed of a railway car at each end, that rests on the axle and which swivels to allow the axle (at each end of which is a solid wheel) to turn with curves in the track; a bogie.
  11. The part of a skateboard or roller skate that joins the wheels to the deck, consisting of a hanger, baseplate, kingpin, and bushings, and sometimes mounted with a riser in between.
  12. (theater) A platform with wheels or casters.
  13. Dirt or other messiness.
    • , Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn
      Aunt Polly looked at the jam on Huck's face, and said, “What is that truck?”
Synonyms
  • (motor vehicle for goods transport) rig, tractor trailer, lorry (UK), hauler
Translations Translations Translations
  • German: Umzugswagen
Verb

truck (trucks, present participle trucking; past and past participle trucked)

  1. (intransitive) To drive a truck: Generally a truck driver's slang.
  2. (transitive) To convey by truck.
    Last week, Cletus trucked 100 pounds of lumber up to Dubuque.
  3. (intransitive, US, slang) To travel or live contentedly. [1960s]
    Keep on trucking!
  4. (intransitive, US, Canada, slang) To persist, to endure. [from 1960s]
    Keep on trucking!
  5. (intransitive, film production) To move a camera parallel to the movement of the subject.
  6. (transitive, slang) To fight or otherwise physically engage with.
    • 1993, Sue Grafton, "J" Is for Judgment
      Both deputies were big, made of dense flesh and tough experience. . . . I wouldn't have wanted to truck with either one of them.
  7. (transitive, slang) To run over or through a tackler in American football.
Translations
  • German: (mit dem Lastwagen) fahren, (im LKW) transportieren
Verb

truck (trucks, present participle trucking; past and past participle trucked)

  1. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To fail; run out; run short; be unavailable; diminish; abate.
  2. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To give in; give way; knuckle under; truckle.
  3. (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To deceive; cheat; defraud.
Related terms Verb

truck (trucks, present participle trucking; past and past participle trucked)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal, Scotland) To tread (down); stamp on; trample (down).
Verb

truck (trucks, present participle trucking; past and past participle trucked)

  1. (transitive) To trade, exchange; barter.
    • We will begin by supposing the international trade to be in form, what it always is in reality, an actual trucking of one commodity against another.
  2. (intransitive) To engage in commerce; to barter or deal.
  3. (intransitive) To have dealings or social relationships with; to engage with.
Noun

truck (plural trucks)

  1. (obsolete, often used in plural sense) Small, humble items; things, often for sale or barter.
  2. (historical) The practice of paying workers in kind, or with tokens only exchangeable at a shop owned by the employer [forbidden in the 19th century by the Truck Acts]
  3. (US) Garden produce, groceries (see truck garden).
  4. (usually with negative) Social intercourse; dealings, relationships.
Adjective

truck (not comparable)

  1. Pertaining to a garden patch or truck garden.



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