- (British) IPA: /ˈtɜːmɔɪl/
- A state of great disorder or uncertainty.
- Harassing labour; trouble; disturbance.
- c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene vii]:
- And there I'll rest, as after much turmoil, / A blessed soul doth in Elysium.
- French: chaos, désordre
- German: Aufruhr, Tumult, Unruhe, Unordnung
- Italian: caos, disordine, scompiglio
- Portuguese: desordem, tumulto, caos
- Russian: смяте́ние
- Spanish: desorden, turbulencia, dificultad
turmoil (turmoils, present participle turmoiling; past and past participle turmoiled)
- (obsolete, intransitive) To be disquieted or confused; to be in commotion.
- (obsolete, transitive) To harass with commotion; to disquiet; to worry.
- It is her fatal misfortune […] to be miserably tossed and turmoiled with these storms of affliction.