• (British) IPA: /ˈtɜː.nɪp/
  • (America) IPA: /ˈtɜ˞.nɪp/

turnip (plural turnips)

  1. The white root of a yellow-flowered plant, Brassica rapa, grown as a vegetable and as fodder for cattle.
  2. (Scotland, Ireland, Northern England, Cornwall, Atlantic Canada) The yellow root of a related plant, the swede or Brassica napus.
  3. (dated) A large, heavy pocket watch, so called because its profile resembled the vegetable.
  • (Brassica rapa) summer turnip, white turnip (Cornwall, Scotland)
  • (Brassica napus) rutabaga (North America), swede (Ireland, Northern England, Scotland), tumshie (Scotland)
  • French: navet
  • German: Mairübe, Speiserübe, Mairübchen, Rübe, Steckrübe, Herbstrübe, Wasserrübe, Stoppelrübe, Halmrübe, Bayrische Rübe, Kugelrettich, Teltower Rübchen, Rübsen, Rüben-Kohl, Ackerkohl, Weiße Rübe, Weiße Rübe, Rübsamen
  • Italian: rapa
  • Portuguese: nabo
  • Russian: ре́па
  • Spanish: nabo
Translations Verb

turnip (turnips, present participle turniping; past and past participle turniped)

  1. (transitive) To plant with turnips.
    • 1803, Agricultural Magazine (volume 9, page 32)
      This identical field has been turniped before, and to good account, in a favourable winter.
  2. (transitive) To feed or graze (livestock) on turnips.
    • 1869, Sheep: Their Breeds, Management, and Diseases (page 328)
      The Leicesters and half-breds are purchased by farmers who keep no breeding stock: they are well turniped during the winter, and clipped and fattened in the following season.

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