• (British) IPA: /ˈʌndə(ɹ)/, [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]
  • (America) IPA: /ˈʌndɚ/, [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]
  • (North England) IPA: /ˈʊndə/
  1. In or at a lower level than.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      The little boys in the front bedroom had thrown off their blankets and lay under the sheets.
  2. As a subject of; subordinate to.
    He served in World War II under General Omar Bradley.
  3. Less than.
  4. Below the surface of.
  5. (figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force).
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France
      England's World Cup dreams fell apart under a French onslaught on a night when their shortcomings were brutally exposed at the quarter-final stage.
    to collapse under stress; to give in under interrogation
  6. As, in the character of.
    • 2013, The Huffington Post, JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith's 'The Cuckoo's Calling' Is Actually By Harry Potter Author
      J.K. Rowling has written a crime novel called 'The Cuckoo's Calling' under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.
    he writes books under the name John Smith
Synonyms Antonyms Translations Translations Translations
  • Spanish: bajo las órdenes de
  • French: moins de
  • German: unter, weniger als
  • Portuguese: menos que/de
  • Russian: ме́ньше
  • French: sous
  • German: unter
  • Portuguese: embaixo de, sob
  • Russian: под
  • Spanish: bajo

under (not comparable)

  1. In a way lower or less than.
  2. In a way inferior to.
  3. (informal) In an unconscious state.
    It took the hypnotist several minutes to make his subject go under.
Synonyms Antonyms Translations Translations Adjective


  1. Being lower; being beneath something.
    • Bible, 1 Corinthians ix. 27
      I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection.
    • The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain / Could not bring his proud soul under.
  2. (medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated.
    Ensure the patient is sufficiently under.

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