vocative case

vocative case (plural vocative cases)

  1. (grammar) case of address, case used for a noun identifying the person or thing being addressed. It corresponds to the archaic English particle "O" as used in solemn or poetic address e.g.: Hear me, O Albion! Languages that regularly employ the vocative include Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Georgian, Greek, Hawaiian, Hindi, Irish, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ojibwe, Polish, Romanian, Ruthenian/Rusyn, Sanskrit, Scottish Gaelic, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Slovenian, Tamil and Ukrainian.
  • French: vocatif
  • German: Vokativ, Anredefall
  • Italian: vocativo
  • Portuguese: vocativo
  • Russian: зва́тельный паде́ж
  • Spanish: caso vocativo

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