inspirit (inspirits, present participle inspiriting; past and past participle inspirited)

  1. To strengthen or hearten; give impetus or vigour.
    • c. 1615, Josuah Sylvester (translator), “The Tropheis of the Vertues and Fortune of Henrie the Great” by Pierre Matthieu in Works of Du Bartas, London, c. 1641, page 548:
      Ah! must wee live, and see so sudden dead
      The Life that late our lives inspirited?
    • 1718, Alexander Pope, The Iliad of Homer, London: Bernard Lintot, Observations on the Fourteenth Book, Verse 30, page 129:
      And nothing could be better imagin’d than the reason, why the wounded Princes left their Tents; they were impatient to behold the Battel, anxious for its Success, and desirous to inspirit the Soldiers by their Presence.
    • 1814 July, [Jane Austen], chapter VII, in Mansfield Park: A Novel. In Three Volumes, volume II, London: Printed for T[homas] Egerton, […], OCLC 39810224 ↗, page 142 ↗:
      It was a fine arrangement for Henry Crawford, who was close to Fanny, and with his hands full of business, having two persons['] cards to manage as well as his own—for though it was impossible for Fanny not to feel herself mistress of the rules of the game in three minutes, he had yet to inspirit her play, sharpen her avarice, and harden her heart, {{...}
    • 1856, John Esten Cooke, chapter LXI, in The Last of the Foresters:
      The landlord had been so much pleased with Mr. Jinks’ patriotic ardor in the German cause, that he generously hinted at an entire obliteration of any little score chalked up against the name of Jinks for board and lodging at the hostelry; this was one of the circumstances which inspirited Mr. Jinks.
    • 1899, Stanley Waterloo, The Wolf’s Long Howl :
      The queer thought somehow inspirited him.
    • 2003, Robert Brustein, “Three Years after ‘1984’”, in Reimagining American Theatre, part II, New York: Hill & Wang:
      The "festival" […] this year has concerned itself largely with opera and dance, most of its pieces (perhaps in order to inspirit our AIDS-demoralized sexuality) inspired by the Don Juan motif.
  2. To fill#Verb|fill or imbue with spirit#Noun|spirit.
    • 1709, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, “The Moralists, a Philosophical Rhapsody”, in Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, volume II, London, 1732, pages 369–370:
      […] the Assurance we have of the Existence of Beings above our Sense, and of smallcaps Thee, (the great Exemplar of thy Works) comes from Thee, the smallcaps All-True, and Perfect, who hast thus communicated thy-self more immediately to us, so as in some manner to inhabit within our Souls; Thou who art Original smallcaps Soul, diffusive, vital in all, inspiriting the Whole.
    • 2002, Nel Noddings, Starting at Home: Caring and Social Policy, part 2, Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, page 124:
      Human beings, even fully mature adults, are neither detached rationalities nor mere collections of responses to environmental stimuli. They are inspirited, thinking bodies, and it is their bodies that launch the development of selves through a multitude of complex encounters.

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