• IPA: /ˈɪəɹɨs/, /ˈɛɹɨs/
Proper noun
  1. (Greek god) The goddess of discord and strife, whose apple of discord sparked events that eventually led to the Trojan War; equated by Homer with Enyo (goddess of violent war) and identified with the Roman goddess Discordia;
    (religion, Discordianism) the same figure as principal deity of Discordianism, regarded as the goddess of disorder.
    • 1992, Samuel Ijsseling, Eros and Eris: The Trojan War and Heidegger on the Essence of Truth, Paul van Tongeren, Paul Sars, Chris Bremmers, Koen Boey (editors), Eros and Eris: Contributions to a Hermeneutical Phenomenology Liber Amicorum for Adriaan Peperzak, Kluwer Academic, page 2 ↗,
      According to Homer, the Trojan war is, above all, an affair of the gods. It is about Eris, a sister of the god of war Ares, and about Eros, not directly named by Homer, but who in the figure of Aphrodite, the god of love, plays a central role on the side of the Trojans. Eris is the one who divides gods, mortals, and things from each other; Eros is the one who brings them together.
    • 1993, Herman Parret, The Aesthetics of Communication: Pragmatics and Beyond, Springer, Softcover reprint, page 18 ↗,
      Eris, "the Strife with the violent heart", one reads in Hesiod's Theogony, is a child of the Night, and "Hateful Struggle gave birth to painful Distress and Distraction and Famine and tearful Sorrow; also Wars and Battles and Murders and Slaughters; also Feuds and Lying Words and Angry Words".
    • 2003, Adam Gorightly, The Prankster and the Conspiracy: The Story of Kerry Thornley and How He Met Oswald and Inspired the Counterculture, Paraview Press, page 58 ↗,
      According to Newport, no specific bowling alley can claim to be the site of the birth of the Discordian movement. It evolved at several different bowling alleys. This revelation came as a devastating disappointment to your humble author, who—in the course of writing this book—had planned a grand religious pilgrimage to this envisioned holy site, where I would snap sacred photos of "The Brunswick Shrine," and perhaps even fall to my knees before this fabled Mecca of Discordianism, bowing to the Goddess Eris.
    • 2006, Margot Adler, Drawing Down the Moon: Witches, Druids, Goddess-worshippers, and Other Pagans in America, Penguin, page 351 ↗,
      And yet Erisianism should not be treated frivolously. Greg Hill told me his experiences with Eris had been quite profound. Although it started as an atheistic joke, his perceptions began to change.
  2. (astronomy) The celestial body 136199 Eris, the most-massive known dwarf planet in the Solar System and the largest known object in the scattered disk; formerly nicknamed Xena.
    • 2008, Clément Arsenault, Joseph T. Tennis (editors), Culture and Identity in Knowledge Organization: 10th International ISKO Conference, Proceedings, page 239 ↗,
      Pluto turns out to be an object in the Kuiper Belt, but other such objects recently discovered are similar to (such as Santa[136108 Haumea] and Easterbunny[136472 Makemake]) or even larger than Pluto (such as Eris, formerly known as Xena).
    • 2013, Fred Watson, Star-Craving Mad: Tales from a Travelling Astronomer, Allen & Unwin, page 35 ↗,
      Today, Xena is no longer Xena but has been officially renamed Eris, after the Greek goddess of strife and discord—which hints at the climate in planetary science at the time. Its moon has a similarly appropriate name, Dysnomia (lawlessness) in Greek mythology, the daughter of Eris. Observations of Eris and Dysnomia have confirmed that Eris is 27 per cent more massive than Pluto, though of a similar diameter.
  3. An unincorporated community in Champaign County, Ohio.
  • (goddess) Discordia (Roman mythology)
  • (dwarf planet)
    • (official designation) 136199 Eris, (136199) Eris
    • (alternative designations) 2003 UB313, (136199) 2003 UB313, 136199 Eris (2003 UB313) (See pedialite Provisional designation in astronomy)
    • Xena (informal)
Related terms Translations
  • French: Éris
  • Italian: Eris, Eride
  • Portuguese: Éris
  • Russian: Эри́да
  • Spanish: Eris, Érida, Éride
  • French: Éris
  • German: Eris
  • Italian: Eris
  • Portuguese: Éris
  • Russian: Эри́да
  • Spanish: Eris

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