- The state, or an act, of stubbornness or doggedness.
- He finished only through a mixture of determined obstinacy and ingenuity.
- 1839, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, ch. 44,
- "I don't know where," replied the girl.
- "Then I do," said Sikes, more in the spirit of obstinacy than because he had any real objection.
- 1877, Leo Tolstoy (author), David Magarshack (translator), Anna Karenina, part 6, ch 12,
- His hand closed, he drew back, and his face assumed a still more stubborn expression.
- "For you it's a matter of obstinacy," she said, looking intently at him and suddenly finding the right word for the expression of his face which exasperated her so much.
- French: entêtement, obstination
- German: Sturheit, Eigensinn
- Russian: упря́мство
- Spanish: testarudez, porfía, terquedad, obstinación