- IPA: /ɹəˈtɹiːt/
retreat (plural retreats)
- The act of pulling back or withdrawing, as from something dangerous, or unpleasant.
- c. 1604–1605, William Shakespeare, “All’s VVell, that Ends VVell”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- In a retreat he outruns any lackey.
- The act of reversing direction and receding from a forward position.
- A peaceful, quiet place affording privacy or security.
- 1891, Thomas Hardy, chapter IV, in Tess of the d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, London: James R[ipley] Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., […], OCLC 13623666 ↗, phase the first (The Maiden), pages 40–41 ↗:
- In a large bedroom upstairs, the window of which was thickly curtained with a great woollen shawl lately discarded by the landlady, Mrs. Rolliver, were gathered on this evening nearly a dozen persons, all seeking vinous bliss; all old inhabitants of the nearer end of Marlott, and frequenters of this retreat.
- 1692, Roger L'Estrange, "Fable 100: An Old Man and a Lion", Fables of Aesop, page 115
- ... he built his son a house of pleasure, on purpose to keep him out of harm's way; and spared neither art nor cost to make it a delicious retreat.
- That pleasing shade they sought, a soft retreat / From sudden April showers, a shelter from the heat.
- (rare and obsolete, euphemism) A peaceful, quiet place in which to urinate and defecate: an outhouse; a lavatory.
- A period of retirement, seclusion, or solitude.
- A period of meditation, prayer or study.
- Withdrawal by military force from a dangerous position or from enemy attack.
- A signal for a military withdrawal.
- A bugle call or drumbeat signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset, as on a military base.
- A military ceremony to lower the flag.
- (chess) The move of a piece from a threatened position.
- French: retraite
- German: Rückzug
- Italian: ritirata, arretramento, ripiegamento
- Portuguese: retirada
- Russian: отступле́ние
- Spanish: retirarse
retreat (retreats, present participle retreating; past and past participle retreated) (intransitive)
- To withdraw from a position, go back.
- (of a glacier) To shrink back due to generally warmer temperatures.
- To slope back.
- a retreating forehead
- French: retirer, replier, battre en retraite
- German: zurückziehen
- Italian: ritirarsi, ripiegare, battere in ritirata, indietreggiare, retrocedere, arretrare
- Portuguese: retirar, retirar-se
- Russian: отступа́ть
- Spanish: retirarse
- IPA: /ɹiːˈtɹiːt/
retreat (retreats, present participle retreating; past and past participle retreated)
- Alternative spelling of re-treat#English|re-treat