• enPR: spro͞os, (America) IPA: /spɹuːs/


  1. Any of various large coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs from the genus Picea, found in northern temperate and boreal regions; originally and more fully spruce fir.
  2. (uncountable) The wood of a spruce.
  3. (used attributively) Made of the wood of the spruce.
    That spruce table is beautiful!
  4. (obsolete) Prussian leather; pruce.
    • Spruce, a sort of leather corruptly so called for Prussia leather.
  • French: épicéa (France), (Quebec) épinette
  • German: Fichte
  • Italian: abete rosso, peccio
  • Portuguese: abeto vermelho, pícea, espruce
  • Russian: ель
  • Spanish: pícea
  • German: Fichtenholz
  • Portuguese: pícea, abeto vermelho
  • Russian: ель
  • Russian: ело́вый

spruce (comparative sprucer, superlative sprucest)

  1. (comparable) Smart, trim, and elegant in appearance; fastidious (said of a person).
    • 1919, William Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 31
      He had great neatness of person, and he continued to wear his spruce black coat and his bowler hat, always a little too small for him, in a dapper, jaunty manner.
    • 2012, The Economist, 13th Oct 2012, Plessey returns: Chips with everything ↗
      The two clean rooms, where chips are made, are sprucer than a hospital theatre.
  • Russian: наря́дный

spruce (spruces, present participle sprucing; past and past participle spruced)

  1. (usually with up) To arrange neatly; tidy up.
  2. (ambitransitive, usually with up) To make oneself spruce (neat and elegant in appearance).
  3. To tease.

Proper noun
  1. (obsolete) Prussia.

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