1. (now rare) A surplus; a superabundance.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
      If then thee list my offred grace to vse, / Take what thou please of all this surplusage; / If thee list not, leaue haue thou to refuse […]
    • A surplusage given to one part is paid out of a reduction from another part of the same creature.
  2. (legal) Matter in pleading which is not necessary or relevant to the case, and may be rejected.
  3. (finance) A greater disbursement than the charge of the accountant amounts to.

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