equilibrium
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ɛkwɪˈlɪbɹɪəm/, /iːkwɪˈlɪbɹɪəm/

Noun

equilibrium (plural equilibriums)

  1. The condition#Noun|condition of a system in which competing#Adjective|competing influence#Noun|influences are balance#Verb|balanced, resulting in no net#Noun|net change#Noun|change.
    • 1733, Philip Miller, “HYDROSTATICKS ↗”, in The Gardeners Dictionary: Containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit and Flower Garden, […], 2nd edition, London: Printed for the author; and sold by C[harles] Rivington, […], OCLC 429215710 ↗, column 1:
      To Hydroſtaticks belong whatever relates to the Gravities and Equilibria of Liquors; with the Art of weighing Bodies in Water, in order to eſtimate the ſpecifick Gravities.
    • 1999, The Matrix, Agent Smith speech
      Every mammal on this planet instinctively develops a natural equilibrium with the surrounding environment but you humans do not. You move to an area and you multiply and multiply until every natural resource is consumed and the only way you can survive is to spread to another area. There is another organism on this planet that follows the same pattern. Do you know what it is? A virus.
  2. Mental balance#Noun|balance.
  3. (chemistry) The state#Noun|state of a reaction in which the rate#Noun|rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same.
  4. (physics) The state of a body at rest#Noun|rest or in uniform#Adjective|uniform motion in which the resultant#Noun|resultant of all force#Noun|forces on it is zero.
Synonyms
  • (a condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced) balance, stability
  • (mental balance) sanity
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