refrain
Pronunciation
  • IPA: /ɹɪˈfɹeɪn/
Verb

refrain (refrains, present participle refraining; past and past participle refrained)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To hold back, to restrain (someone or something). [from 14th c.]
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Proverbs 1:15 ↗:
      Refrain thy foot from their path.
  2. (reflexive, archaic) To show restraint; to hold oneself back. [from 14th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
      And nowe I saye unto you: refrayne youreselves from these men, and let them alone [...].
  3. (transitive, now rare) To repress (a desire, emotion etc.); to check or curb. [from 14th c.]
    • his reson aperceyueth it wel that it is synne / agayns the lawe of god / and yet his reson / refreyneth nat his foul delit or talent.
  4. (intransitive) To stop oneself from some action or interference; to abstain. [from 15th c.]
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Acts 5:38 ↗:
      Refrain from these men, and let them alone.
    • They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after.
  5. (transitive, now rare, regional) To abstain from (food or drink). [from 16th c.]
    • Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink.
Translations Translations
  • Italian: astenersi
  • Portuguese: abster-se (de)
  • Russian: воздержа́ться
Translations Noun

refrain (plural refrains)

  1. The chorus or burden of a song repeated at the end of each verse or stanza.
  2. A much repeated comment, complaint, or saying.
Translations


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