1799, borrowed from Swedish rotabagge, a dialectal word from Västergötland, from rot + bagge. Pronunciation
  • (America) IPA: /ˈɹutəˌbeɪɡə/

rutabaga (uncountable)

  1. (now, North America) the swede, or Swedish turnip; the European plant Brassica napus var. napobrassica
  2. (now, North America) the edible root of this plant
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Oedipus Tyrannus; Or, Swellfoot The Tyrant: A Tragedy in Two Acts:
      Sometimes your royal dogs tear down our thatch,
      And then we seek the shelter of a ditch;
      Hog-wash or grains, or ruta-baga, none
      Has yet been ours since your reign begun.
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