- (speech act) word for word; not figuratively; not as an idiom or metaphor
- Synonyms: actually, really, Thesaurus:actually
- Antonyms: figuratively, metaphorically, virtually
- When I saw on the news that there would be no school tomorrow because of the snowstorm, I literally jumped for joy, and hit my head on the ceiling fan.
- 2015, Steven Universe, "On the Run":
- Pearl: Steven, we are not like the No Home Boys. We are literally standing in your home right now.
- (degree, figuratively, proscribed, contranym) Used non-literally as an intensifier for figurative statements: virtually, so to speak (often considered incorrect; see usage notes)
- Synonyms: virtually
- He was so surprised, he literally jumped twenty feet in the air.
- My daughter's pet rabbit had babies, and now we've literally got rabbits coming out of our ears.
- 1993, Wayne W. Dyer, Real Magic, page 193:
- You literally become the ball in a tennis match, you become the report that you are working on […]
- 2017, New Straits Times (Malaysia) 22 April, page 20:
- [O]ne can assume that the millions or billions of ringgit spent on the war against drugs have gone down the drain, literally.
- (colloquial) Used to intensify or dramatise non-figurative statements; tending towards a meaningless filler word in repeated use.
- I had no idea, so I was literally guessing.
- I was literally having breakfast when she arrived.
- She was literally like, "What?", and I was literally like, "Yeah".
- (colloquial) Used as a generic downtoner: just, merely.
- Synonyms: merely, Thesaurus:merely
- You literally put it in the microwave for five minutes and it's done.
- French: littéralement, textuellement, texto, mot à mot
- German: wörtlich, buchstäblich
- Italian: letteralmente
- Portuguese: literalmente
- Russian: буква́льно
- Spanish: literalmente