temple
Pronunciation
  • enPR: tĕm'p(ə)l, IPA: /ˈtɛmp(ə)l/
Noun

temple (plural temples)

  1. A house of worship, especially:
    1. A house of worship dedicated to a polytheistic faith.
      The temple of Zeus was very large.
    2. (Judaism) Synonym of synagogue#English|synagogue, especially a non-Orthodox synagogue.
      How often do you go to temple?
    3. (Mormonism) A church closed to non-Mormons and necessary for particular rituals.
    4. (in Japan) A Buddhist house of worship, as opposed to a Shinto shrine.
  2. A meeting house of the Oddfellows fraternity; its members.
  3. (figurative) Any place regarded as holding a religious presence.
  4. (figurative) Any place seen as an important centre for some activity.
    a temple of commerce, a temple of drinking and dining
  5. (figurative) Anything regarded as important or minutely cared for.
    My body is my temple.
    • 1602, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act 1, scene 3, lines 11–14:
      For nature crescent does not grow alone
      In thews and bulks, but as this temple waxes,
      The inward service of the mind and soul
      Grows wide withal.
  6. (figurative) A gesture wherein the forefingers are outstretched and touch pad to pad while the other fingers are clasped together.
Synonyms Related terms Translations Translations
  • Russian: святы́ня
Verb

temple (temples, present participle templing; past and past participle templed)

  1. (transitive) To build a temple for; to appropriate a temple to; to temple a god
Noun

temple (plural temples)

  1. (anatomy) The slightly flatter region, on either side of the human head, behind of the eye and forehead, above the zygomatic arch, and forward of the ear.
  2. (ophthalmology) Either of the sidepieces on a set of spectacles, extending backwards from the hinge toward the ears and, usually, turning down around them.
Related terms Translations Translations Noun

temple (plural temples)

  1. (weaving) A contrivance used in a loom for keeping the web stretched transversely.
Translations
  • Italian: tempiale

Temple
Proper noun
  1. A male given name.
    • 1988, Harold M. Schmeck Jr., "Family Tree of AIDS Viruses Is Viewed as 37 to 80 Years Old ↗", The New York Times, 9 June 1988:
      The two known human AIDS viruses are evolving at a rapid rate equivalent to that of influenza viruses, said Dr. Temple F. Smith of Harvard's Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, an author of a new report on the AIDS virus family tree.
    • 1992, "[http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=_khSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=fTYNAAAAIBAJ&pg=2515,3862661 Sweetwater senator wants tobacco industry to pay]", The Victoria Advocate, 11 July 1992:
      Temple Dickson, D-Sweetwater, in a broad attack against cigarette companies, said the bill was needed so that taxpayers will not be paying for diseases caused by cigarettes.
    • 2002, Tom Fleming, "A Wild Ride ↗", Boys' Life, March 2002:
      Bud Abernathy was 10 years old and Temple Abernathy 6 when the brothers from Cross Roads, Okla., decided they wanted to take a trip to New York — by themselves, on horseback — to see ex-President Theodore Roosevelt.
    • 2003, Joost Smiers, Arts Under Pressure: Protecting Cultural Diversity in the Age of Globalisation, Zed Books (2005), ISBN 1842772627, page 94 ↗:
      With evident pleasure Temple Hauptfleisch presents the variety of theatrical forms to be found in the 'new' South Africa: […] He distinguishes eight categories of forms on the theatrical menu in South Africa: […]
    • 2011, Barbara J. Becker, Unravelling Starlight: William and Margaret Huggins and the Rise of the New Astronomy, Cambridge University Press (2011), ISBN 9781107002296, page 91 ↗:
      In the 1840s, astronomer Temple Chevallier (1794-1873) experimented with placing a small metal disc in the focus of his telescope's eyepiece to produce an artificial eclipse that would make the protuberances visible on any clear day.
  2. A female given name.
    • 1994, Tracy Bertman, "[http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=ZrgzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=c40DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5493,3461911 Cancer survivors celebrate life, dreams], The News, 6 June 1994:
      Temple Hayes, 35, a minister with the Church of Religious Science of West Palm Beach, told the survivors that support and a positive attitude are important in fighting any type of disease.
      "In today's times, it is essential that people come together and support each other with like-minded experiences," she said.
    • 2006, Stephen M. Shore & Linda G. Rastelli, Understanding Autism for Dummies, Wiley Publishing, Inc. (2006), ISBN 9780764525476, page 346 ↗:
      Dr. Temple Grandin, a university professor who has autism, has plenty of expertise and personal experience with autism, which gives her a unique perspective on the information available.
    • 2007, Kathryn Morris, Debora Richey, & Cathy Thomas, Fullerton, Arcadia Publishing (2007), ISBN 9780738547886, page 6 ↗ (image caption):
      […] including the 1925 silent film Peacock Feathers, based on the bestselling novel of the same name written by Temple Bailey (1885-1953).
  3. Surname
  4. Places in the United Kingdom:
    1. A suburb in Glasgow, Scotland (OS grid ref NS5469).
    2. A village in Midlothian, Scotland (OS grid ref NT3158).
    3. A village on Bodmin Moor (OS grid ref SX1473).
  5. Places in the United States:
    1. A city in Carroll County, and.
    2. An unincorporated community in Crawford County, Indiana.
    3. A town in Franklin County, Maine.
    4. An unincorporated community in Clare County, Michigan.
    5. A town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.
    6. A ghost town in Williams County, North Dakota.
    7. A town in Cotton County, Oklahoma.
    8. A census-designated place in Berks County, Pennsylvania.
    9. A city in Bell County, Texas.
  6. A neighbourhood in Calgary, Alberta.
  7. (Judaism, Christianity, historical) Any of the former chief temples to YHWH in Jerusalem, particularly Solomon's Temple.
  8. Either of two of the Inns of Court in London (the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple), built on a site once occupied by the Knights Templar.
    • 1860, Ellen Wood, East Lynne, Penguin 2005, p. 5:
      Up to his five-and-twentieth year he had been industrious and steady, had kept his terms in the Temple, and studied late and early.
Translations


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