in
Pronunciation
    • (RP, GA, CA, Australia) enPR: ĭn, IPA: /ɪn/
    • (New Zealand) IPA: /ɘn/
    • (RP) enPR: ĭn, IPA: /ɪn/
    • (GA, CA, Australia) enPR: ən, IPA: /ən/
    • (New Zealand) IPA: /ɘn/

Preposition
  1. Used to indicate location, inclusion, or position within spatial, temporal or other limits.
    1. Contained by.
      The dog is in the kennel. pickles in a jar
    2. Within the bounds or limits of.
      living in the city; a tree in the park
    3. Surrounded by; among; amidst.
      We are in the enemy camp.   Her plane is in the air.
    4. Part of; a member of; out of; from among.
      One in a million.   She's in band and orchestra.
    5. Pertaining to; with regard to.
      What grade did he get in English?
      Military letters should be formal in tone, but not stilted.
    6. During (a period of time).
      in the first week of December;  Easter falls in the fourth lunar month;   The country reached a high level of prosperity in his first term.
    7. Within a certain elapsed time; by the end of.
      Are you able to finish this in three hours?   The massacre resulted in over 1000 deaths in three hours.
    8. At the end of a period of time.
      They said they would call us in a week.
    9. (grammar, phonetics) Characterized by.
      English nouns in -ce form their plurals in -s.
  2. Into.
    Less water gets in your boots this way.
  3. Used to indicate limit, qualification, condition, or circumstance.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      In returning to the vault, I had no very sure purpose in mind; only a vague surmise that this finding of Blackbeard's coffin would somehow lead to the finding of his treasure.
    In replacing the faucet washers, he felt he was making his contribution to the environment.
    1. Indicating an order or arrangement.
      My fat rolls around in folds.
    2. Denoting a state of the subject.
      He stalked away in anger.   John is in a coma.
    3. Indicates, connotatively, a place-like form of someone's (or something's) personality, as his, her or its psychic and physical characteristics.
      You've got a friend in me.   He's met his match in her.
    4. Wearing (an item of clothing).
      I glanced over at the pretty girl in the red dress.
  4. Used to indicate means, medium, format, genre, or instrumentality.
    1. (of something offered or given in an exchange) In the form of, in the denomination of.
      Please pay me in cash — preferably in tens and twenties.
      The deposit can be in any legal tender, even in gold.
      Her generosity was rewarded in the success of its recipients.
      • 2014, Carla Bethmann, Clean, Friendly, Profitable?: Tourism, page 114:
        […] tourists sometimes attempt to pay in euros or British pounds.
    2. Used to indicate a language, script, tone, etc. of a text, speech, etc.
      Beethoven's "Symphony No. 5" in C minor is among his most popular.
      His speech was in French, but was simultaneously translated into eight languages.
      When you write in cursive, it's illegible.

Verb

in (ins, present participle inning; past and past participle inned)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To enclose.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To take in; to harvest.
    • c. 1604–1605, William Shakespeare, “All’s VVell, that Ends VVell”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene iii]:
      He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the crop.

Adverb

in (not comparable)

  1. (not comparable) Located indoors, especially at home or the office, or inside something.
    Is Mr. Smith in?
  2. Moving to the interior of a defined space, such as a building or room.
    Suddenly a strange man walked in.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175 ↗:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  3. (sports) Still eligible to play, e.g. able to bat in cricket and baseball.
    He went for the wild toss but wasn't able to stay in.
  4. (UK) Abbreviation of in aid of.
    What's that in?
  5. After the beginning of something.
Translations Translations Translations
Noun

in (plural ins)

  1. A position of power or a way to get it.
    His parents got him an in with the company.
  2. (mostly, in the plural) One who, or that which, is in; especially, one who is in office.
    Antonyms: out
    • 1827, Benjamin Chew, A Sketch of the Politics, Relations, and Statistics, of the Western World (page 192)
      This memoir has nothing to do with the question between the ins and the outs; it is intended neither to support nor to assail the administration; it is general in its views upon a general and national subject; […]
  3. (sport) The state of a batter/batsman who is currently batting; see innings.
  4. A re-entrant angle; a nook or corner.
Antonyms Translations
Adjective

in

  1. In fashion; popular.
    Skirts are in this year.
  2. Incoming.
    the in train
  3. (nautical, of the sails of a vessel) Furled or stowed.
  4. (legal) With privilege or possession; used to denote a holding, possession, or seisin.
    in by descent; in by purchase; in of the seisin of her husband
  5. (cricket) Currently batting.
  6. Having familiarity or involvement with somebody.
Translations
  • French: à la mode, in (colloquial)
  • German: in
  • Italian: in
  • Portuguese: em alta, na moda, in
  • Spanish: de moda
Translations
  • French: en approche
  • Italian: in arrivo

Noun

in (plural ins)

  1. Abbreviation of inch#English|inch; inches#English|inches.

IN
Proper noun
  1. Abbreviation of Indiana#English|Indiana, a state of the United States of America.

Noun

in (uncountable)

  1. (biochemistry) Abbreviation of integrase#English|integrase.
  2. internegative; a type of film stock, most commonly used regarding 35mm motion picture negative



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