Pronunciation Verb

roast (roasts, present participle roasting; past and past participle roasted)

  1. (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To cook food by heating in an oven or over a fire without covering, resulting in a crisp, possibly even slightly charred appearance.
    cot en
    to roast meat on a spit
  2. To cook by surrounding with hot embers, ashes, sand, etc.
    to roast a potato in ashes
    • 1626, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum, Or, A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries
      In eggs boiled and roasted […] there is scarce difference to be discerned.
  3. (transitive or intransitive or ergative) To process by drying through exposure to sun or artificial heat
    Coffee beans need roasting before use.
    to roast chestnuts or peanuts
  4. To heat to excess; to heat violently; to burn.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene ii]:
      roasted in wrath and fire
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To admonish someone vigorously
    I’m late home for the fourth time this week; my mate will really roast me this time.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To subject to bantering, severely criticize, sometimes as a comedy routine.
    The class clown enjoys being roasted by mates as well as staff.
  7. (metalworking) To dissipate by heat the volatile parts of, as ores.
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Noun

roast (plural roasts)

  1. A cut of meat suited to roasting
  2. A meal consisting of roast foods.
  3. The degree to which something, especially coffee, is roasted.
    Dark roast means that the coffee bean has been roasted to a higher temperature and for a longer period of time than in light roast.
  4. A comical event, originally fraternal, where a person is subjected to verbal attack, yet may be praised by sarcasm and jokes.
Translations Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: assadura
  • French: bien-cuit
  • Spanish: brindis cómico, vejamen

roast (not comparable)

  1. Having been cooked by roasting.
    Synonyms: roasted
  2. (figuratively) Subjected to roasting, bantered, severely criticized.

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