sum
Pronunciation
  • (British, America) enPR: sŭm, IPA: /sʌm/
Noun

sum (plural sums)

  1. A quantity obtained by addition or aggregation.
    The sum of 3 and 4 is 7.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Numbers 1:2 ↗:
      Take ye the sum of all the congregation.
  2. (often plural) An arithmetic computation, especially one posed to a student as an exercise (not necessarily limited to addition).
    We're learning about division, and the sums are tricky.
    • 1849 May – 1850 November, Charles Dickens, chapter 57, in The Personal History of David Copperfield, London: Bradbury & Evans, […], published 1850, OCLC 558196156 ↗:
      a large sheet of paper […] covered with long sums
  3. A quantity of money.
    a tidy sum
    the sum of forty pounds
    • Bible, Acts 22:28
      With a great sum obtained I this freedom.
  4. A summary; the principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium.
    This is the sum of all the evidence in the case.
    This is the sum and substance of his objections.
  5. A central idea or point.
  6. The utmost degree.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 7”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗:
      Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought / My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
  7. (obsolete) An old English measure of corn equal to the quarter.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, page 207:
      The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • Russian: суть
Verb

sum (sums, present participle summing; past and past participle summed)

  1. (transitive) To add together.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 250b.
      when you say that stability and change are, it's because you're summing them up together as embraced by it, and taking note of the communion each of them has with being.
  2. (transitive) To give a summary of.
Synonyms Translations Noun

sum (plural sums)

  1. The basic unit of money in Kyrgyzstan.
  2. The basic unit of money in Uzbekistan.
Pronoun
  1. (AAVE, internet slang, text messaging) Eye dialect spelling of some#English|some.
Determiner
  1. (AAVE, internet slang, text messaging) Eye dialect spelling of some#English|some.
Noun

sum (plural sums)

  1. Synonym of somon#English|somon

Sum
Proper noun
  1. Surname



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