see also: Vest
Pronunciation Noun

vest (plural vests)

  1. (now, rare) A loose robe or outer garment worn historically by men in Arab or Middle Eastern countries.
  2. (now, North America) A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit; a waistcoat.
  3. (British) A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
  4. A sleeveless top, typically with identifying colours or logos, worn by an athlete or member of a sports team.
  5. Any sleeveless outer garment, often for a purpose such as identification, safety, or storage.
    • 2010, Thomas Mullen, The Many Deaths of the Firefly Brothers, Random House, ISBN 9781400067534, page 162 ↗:
      He gripped some of the shreds and pulled off his vest and the shirt beneath it, his clothing disintegrating around him. What in the hell point was there in wearing a twenty-five-pound bulletproof vest if you could still get gunned to death?
  6. A vestment.
    • 1700, John Dryden, Palamon and Arcite
      In state attended by her maiden train, / Who bore the vests that holy rites require.
  7. Clothing generally; array; garb.
    • Not seldom clothed in radiant vest / Deceitfully goes forth the morn.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • Italian: giubbetto, giubbotto, giacchetta, giubbino
  • Russian: безрука́вка
Translations Verb

vest (vests, present participle vesting; past and past participle vested)

  1. To clothe with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.
    • 1673, John Milton, Methought I Saw my Late Espoused Saint:
      Came vested all in white, pure as her mind.
    • 1697, John Dryden, Aeneid
      With ether vested, and a purple sky.
  2. To clothe with authority, power, etc.; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; followed by with and the thing conferred.
    to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death
    • c. 1718, Matthew Prior, “To Hugh Howard – An Ode”:
      Had thy poor breast receiv’d an equal pain; / Had I been vested with the monarch’s power; / Thou must have sigh’d, unlucky youth, in vain; / Nor from my bounty hadst thou found a cure.
  3. To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; with in before the possessor.
    The power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts.
    • 1689 December (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], Two Treatises of Government: […], London: […] Awnsham Churchill, […], OCLC 83985187 ↗:
      , Book I
      Empire and dominion […] was vested in him.
  4. (obsolete) To invest; to put.
    to vest money in goods, land, or houses
  5. (legal) To clothe with possession; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of.
    to vest a person with an estate
    an estate is vested in possession
  6. (legal, intransitive) (of an inheritance or a trust fund) To devolve upon the person currently entitled when a prior interest has ended.
    Upon the death of the Sovereign the Crown automatically vests in the next heir without the need of coronation or other formality.
  7. (financial, intransitive) To become vested, to become permanent.
    My pension vests at the end of the month and then I can take it with me when I quit.
    • 2005, Kaye A. Thomas, Consider Your Options, page 104
      If you doubt that you'll stick around at the company long enough for your options to vest, you should discount the value for that uncertainty as well.
    • 2007, Ransey Guy Cole, Jr. (United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit), Roger Miller Music, Inc. v. Sony ATV Publishing, LLC
      Sony interpreted 17 U.S.C. § 304 as requiring that the author be alive at the start of the copyright renewal term for the author’s prior assignments to vest.

Proper noun
  1. Surname

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