• (RP) IPA: /ˈvɒ.lən.tɹi/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈvɑ.lənˌtɛ.ɹi/


  1. Done, given, or acting of one's own free will.
    • That sin or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary action is the true principle of orthodoxy.
  2. Done by design or intention; intentional.
    If a man accidentally kills another by lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter.
  3. Working or done without payment.
  4. Endowed with the power of willing.
  5. Of or relating to voluntarism.
    a voluntary church, in distinction from an established or state church
Synonyms Antonyms Related terms Translations Translations Translations Translations Adverb


  1. (obsolete) Voluntarily.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      And all that els was pretious and deare, / The sea unto him voluntary brings [...].

voluntary (plural voluntaries)

  1. (music) A short piece of music, often having improvisation, played on a solo instrument.
  2. A volunteer.
  3. A supporter of voluntarism; a voluntarist.

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