- The contrivance of a false appearance of virtue or goodness, while concealing real character or inclinations, especially with respect to religious and moral beliefs; hence in general sense, dissimulation, pretence, sham.
- The claim or pretense of having beliefs, standards, qualities, behaviours, virtues, motivations, etc. which one does not really have. [from early 13th c.]
- The practice of engaging in the same behaviour or activity for which one criticises another; moral self-contradiction whereby the behavior of one or more people belie#Verb|belies their own claimed or implied possession of certain beliefs, standards or virtues.
- An instance of any or all of the above.
- French: hypocrisie, faux-culterie (pejorative, familiar), tartuferie, tartufferie
- German: Heuchelei, Hypokrisie, Scheinheiligkeit, Tartüfferie
- Italian: ipocrisia
- Portuguese: hipocrisia
- Russian: лицеме́рие
- Spanish: hipocresía
- German: Doppelmoral
- Russian: ха́нжество