jump
Pronunciation
  • (British, America) enPR: jŭmp, IPA: /dʒʌmp/, [d͡ʒʌmp]
Verb

jump (jumps, present participle jumping; past and past participle jumped)

  1. (intransitive) To propel oneself rapidly upward, downward and/or in any horizontal direction such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
    The boy jumped over a fence.
    Kangaroos are known for their ability to jump high.
    • c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act IV, scene iv]:
      Not the worst of the three but jumps twelve foot and a half by the square.
  2. (intransitive) To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
    She is going to jump from the diving board.
  3. (transitive) To pass by a spring or leap; to overleap.
    to jump a stream
  4. (intransitive) To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  5. (intransitive) To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
    The sudden sharp sound made me jump.
  6. (intransitive) To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
    The player's knight jumped the opponent's bishop.
  7. (transitive) To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
    I hate it when people jump the queue.
  8. (transitive) To attack suddenly and violently.
    The hoodlum jumped a woman in the alley.
  9. (transitive, slang) To engage in sexual intercourse with (a person).
    Harold: How is Sarah? I don't want to jump her while she's on the rag.
    - From the motion picture The Big Chill.
  10. (transitive) To cause to jump.
    The rider jumped the horse over the fence.
  11. (transitive) To move the distance between two opposing subjects.
  12. (transitive) To increase the height of a tower crane by inserting a section at the base of the tower and jacking up everything above it.
  13. (cycling, intransitive) To increase speed aggressively and without warning.
  14. (transitive, obsolete) To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard.
    • c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene i]:
      to jump a body with a dangerous physic
  15. (transitive, smithwork) To join by a buttweld.
  16. To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
  17. (quarrying) To bore with a jumper.
  18. (obsolete) To coincide; to agree; to accord; to tally; followed by with.
  19. (intransitive, programming) To start executing code from a different location, rather than following the program counter.
  20. (intransitive, slang, archaic) To flee; to make one's escape.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • French: sursauter
  • Portuguese: sobressaltar
  • Russian: вска́кивать
Translations Translations Translations Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
    • a. 1705, John Locke, “Of the Conduct of the Understanding”, in Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: […], London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], published 1706, OCLC 6963663 ↗:
      To advance by jumps.
  2. An effort; an attempt; a venture.
    • c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene viii]:
      Our fortune lies / Upon this jump.
  3. (mining) A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
  4. (architecture) An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
  5. An instance of propelling oneself upwards.
    The boy took a skip and a jump down the lane.
  6. An object which causes one to jump, a ramp.
    He went off a jump.
  7. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
    There were a couple of jumps from the bridge.
  8. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
    She was terrified before the jump, but was thrilled to be skydiving.
  9. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  10. A jumping move in a board game.
    the knight's jump in chess
  11. A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) used to make a video game character jump (propel itself upwards).
    Press jump to start.
  12. (sports, horses) An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.
    Heartless managed the scale the first jump but fell over the second.
  13. (with on) An early start or an advantage.
    He got a jump on the day because he had laid out everything the night before.
    Their research department gave them the jump on the competition.
  14. (mathematics) A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.
  15. (science fiction) An instance of faster-than-light travel, not observable from ordinary space.
  16. (programming) A change of the path of execution to a different location.
  17. (US, informal, automotive) Short for jump-start#English|jump-start.
    My car won't start. Could you give me a jump?
  18. (theatre) Synonym of one-night stand#English|one-night stand (“single evening's performance”)
    • 1950, Billboard (23 December 1950, page 36)
      Next jump will be at the Chicago Theater, Chicago.
Synonyms
  • (instance of propelling oneself into the air) leap
  • (instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location)
  • (instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location)
  • (instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body) flinch, jerk, twitch
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: salto, pulo
  • Russian: прыжо́к
Adverb

jump (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) exactly; precisely
Synonyms Adjective

jump

  1. (obsolete) Exact; matched; fitting; precise.
    • 1640, Ben Jonson, An Execration Upon Vulcan
      jump names
Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. A kind of loose jacket for men.
Related terms
Jump
Proper noun
  1. Surname



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