• IPA: /ˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃən/


  1. The act or principle of compensating.
  2. Something which is regarded as an equivalent; something which compensates for loss.
    Synonyms: amends, remuneration, recompense
    • The parliament which dissolved the monastic foundations […] vouchsafed not a word toward securing the slightest compensation to the dispossessed owners.
    • No pecuniary compensation can possibly reward them.
  3. The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount.
    Synonyms: set-off
  4. A recompense or reward for service.
  5. An equivalent stipulated for in contracts for the sale of real estate, in which it is customary to provide that errors in description, etc., shall not avoid, but shall be the subject of compensation.
  6. The relationship between air temperature outside a building and a calculated target temperature for provision of air or water to contained rooms or spaces for the purpose of efficient heating. In building control systems the compensation curve is defined to a compensator for this purpose.
  7. (neuroscience) The ability of one part of the brain to overfunction in order to take over the function of a damaged part (e.g. following a stroke).
    Coordinate term: degeneracy#English|degeneracy
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