- Any great, strong, powerful emotion, especially romantic#Adjective|romantic love#Noun|love or extreme hate#Noun|hate.
- We share a passion for books.
- Fervor, determination.
- An object#Noun|object of passionate or romantic love or strong romantic interest#Noun|interest.
- It started as a hobby, but now my motorbike collection has become my passion.
- Sexual intercourse, especially when very emotional.
- We shared a night of passion.
- (Christianity, usually capitalized) The suffering#Noun|suffering of Jesus leading up to and during his crucifixion.
- A display#Noun|display, musical composition, or play#Noun|play meant to commemorate the suffering of Jesus.
- (obsolete) Suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain#Noun|pain; any suffering or distress#Noun|distress.
- a cardiac passion
- [c. 1382–1395, John Wycliffe [et al.], Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, editors, The Holy Bible, […], volume IV (in Middle English), Oxford: At the University Press, published 1850, OCLC 459166891 ↗, Romans 8:18, page 172 ↗, column 1:
- Trewli I deme, that the passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge, that schal be schewid in vs.
- Truly I deem, that the passions of this time are not even worthy to the glory to come, that shall be shown in us. [King James Version: For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.]]
- (obsolete) The state#Noun|state of being act#Verb|acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence#Noun|influence; a passive condition#Noun|condition
- Antonyms: action
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], “Of Power”, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242 ↗, book II, § 3, page 116 ↗:
- A Body at reſt affords us no Idea of any active Power to move; and when it is ſet is motion its ſelf, that Motion is rather a Paſſion, than an Action in it: [...]
- (obsolete) The capacity of being affect#Verb|affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
- 1627, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiment Solitary Touching Other Passions of Matter, and Characters of Bodies.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], London: Published after the authors death, by VVilliam Rawley; printed by I[ohn] H[aviland and Augustine Mathewes] for William Lee […], OCLC 1044242069 ↗; Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: Published […] by VVilliam Rawley. Printed by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], 1631, OCLC 1044372886 ↗, paragraph 846, [https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=dul1.ark:/13960/t8v991c13;view=1up;seq=234 page 216]:
- The Differences of Impreſsible and Not Impreſsible; Figurable and Not Figurable; Mouldable and Not Mouldable; Sciſsile and Not Sciſsile; And many other Paſsions of Matter, are Plebeian Notions, applied vnto the Inſtruments and Vſes which Men ordinarily practiſe; [...]
- (obsolete) An innate attribute, property, or quality of a thing.
- [...] to obtain the knowledge of some passion of the circle.
- (obsolete) Disorder of the mind#Noun|mind; madness.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene 4], page 142 ↗, column 1:
- The fit is momentary, vpon a thought / He will againe be well. If much you note him / You ſhall offend him, and extend his Paſſion, / Feed, and regard him not.
- French: passion
- German: Leidenschaft, Passion
- Italian: passione
- Portuguese: paixão
- Russian: страсть
- Spanish: pasión
passion (passions, present participle passioning; past and past participle passioned)
- (obsolete) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
- (transitive) To give a passionate character to.