abject
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ˈæb.d͡ʒɛkt/, enPR: ăbʹjĕkt
  • (attributive) (America) IPA: /ˈæb.d͡ʒɛkt/, enPR: ăbʹjĕkt
  • (postpositive) (America) IPA: /æbˈd͡ʒɛkt/, enPR: ăbjĕktʹ
Adjective

abject (comparative abjecter, superlative abjectest)

  1. Sunk to or existing in a low condition, state, or position. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
  2. Cast down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; grovelling; despicable; lacking courage; offered in a humble and often ingratiating spirit. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
    • c. 1590–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene ii]:
      And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams.
  3. Showing utter hopelessness, helplessness; showing resignation; wretched. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
  4. (obsolete) Rejected; cast aside. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the early 17th century.]
Synonyms Related terms Translations Translations Translations
  • Russian: смире́нный
Noun

abject (plural abjects)

  1. A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway; outcast. [from late 15h c.]
    • 1830, Walter Scott, “Auchindrane; or, The Ayrshire Tragedy”, in The Doom of Devorgoil, a Melo-drama; Auchindrane; or, The Ayrshire Tragedy, Edinburgh: Printed [by Ballantyne and Company] for Cadell and Company; London: Simpkin and Marshall, OCLC 742335644 ↗, Act III, scene i, page 309 ↗:
      Hear ye the serf I bred, begin to reckon / Upon his rights and pleasure! Who am I— / Thou abject, who am I, whose will thou thwartest?
Translations Pronunciation
  • IPA: /æbˈdʒɛkt/
Verb

abject (abjects, present participle abjecting; past and past participle abjected)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To cast off or out; to reject. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.]
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To cast down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.]
Related terms


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