after
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ˈæf.tə(ɹ)/, /ˈɑːf.tə(ɹ)/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈæf.tɚ/
Adverb

after (not comparable)

  1. Behind; later in time; following.
    They lived happily ever after.
    I left the room, and the dog bounded after.
Translations Preposition
  1. Subsequently to; following in time; later than.
    We had a few beers after the game.
    The time is quarter after eight.
    The Cold War began shortly after the Second World War.
  2. Behind.
    He will leave a trail of destruction after him.
  3. In pursuit of, seeking.
    He's after a job; run after him; inquire after her health.
  4. In allusion to, in imitation of; following or referencing.
    We named him after his grandfather; a painting after Leonardo da Vinci.
    • 1735, The Sportsman's Dictionary
      Work your horse in a calade, after the Italian way; ride him straight, and then you make good use of the calade.
  5. Next in importance or rank.
    The princess is next in line to the throne after the prince.
  6. As a result of.
    After your bad behaviour, you will be punished.
  7. In spite of.
    After all that has happened, he is still my friend.
    I can't believe that, after all our advice against gambling, you walked into that casino!
  8. (Irish, usually, preceded by a form of be, followed by an -ing form of a verb) Used to indicate recent completion of an activity
    I was after finishing my dinner when there was a knock on the door.
  9. (dated) According to an author or text.
  10. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to.
    to look after workmen; to enquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness
  11. (obsolete) According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting.
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, A Discourse of a War with Spain
      He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not after their intrinsic value.
Synonyms Translations
  • French: après
  • German: nach
  • Italian: seguente
  • Portuguese: depois de
  • Russian: по́сле
  • Spanish: después de
Translations Translations
  • Italian: in seguito
  • Portuguese: atrás de
  • Russian: за
  • Spanish: tras, detrás de
Translations Translations
  • French: après, derrière
  • German: nach
  • Portuguese: atrás de, depois de
  • Russian: по́сле
  • Spanish: después de
Translations Translations Conjunction
  1. Signifies that the action of the clause it starts takes place before the action of the other clause.
    I went home after we had decided to call it a day.
    • 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, OCLC 5661828 ↗:
      It is never possible to settle down to the ordinary routine of life at sea until the screw begins to revolve. There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy.
    • 1991, Donald "Shadow" Rimgale (character), Robert DeNiro (actor), Backdraft (film)
      So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or after you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline?
Translations Adjective
  1. (dated) Later; second (of two); next, following, subsequent
    • 1834, Davy Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of, Nebraska 1987, page 72:
      I did verily believe in my own mind, that I couldn't fight in that way at all; but my after experience convinced me that this was all a notion.
    • 1886, Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge
      The amends he had made in after life were lost sight of in the dramatic glare of the original act.
  2. (nautical, where the frame of reference is within the ship) At or towards the stern of a ship.
    The after gun is mounted aft.
    The after gun is abaft the forward gun.
Related terms


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