backward
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈbæk.wə(ɹ)d/
  • (America) enPR: băk'wərd, IPA: /ˈbækwɚd/
Adjective

backward

  1. (of motion) In the direction towards the back.
    They left without a backward glance.
  2. (of motion) In the direction reverse of normal.
    The occasional backward movement of planets is evidence they revolve around the sun.
    Synonyms: retrograde
  3. Reluctant or unable to advance.
  4. Of a culture: undeveloped or unsophisticated.
    Synonyms: developing, Third World
    Antonyms: developed, First World, forward
  5. Outdated.
    Synonyms: antediluvian, antiquated, backwards, parachronistic, retrograde, Thesaurus:obsolete
    Antonyms: progressive
  6. (cricket) On that part of the field behind the batsman's popping crease.
  7. (cricket) Further behind the batsman's popping crease than something else.
  8. (obsolete) Unwilling; averse; reluctant.
  9. Slow to apprehend; having difficulties in learning.
    a backward child
  10. Late or behindhand.
    a backward season
    Synonyms: overdue, tardy, Thesaurus:overdue
  11. (obsolete) Already past or gone; bygone.
    Synonyms: forepast, historical, Thesaurus:past
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Adverb

backward

  1. (of motion) In the direction towards the back; backwards
    to walk or ride backward
    to throw the arms backward
  2. Toward, or in, past time or events; ago.
  3. By way of reflection; reflexively.
  4. From a better to a worse state, as from honor to shame, from religion to sin.
    • 1700, John Dryden, Theodore and Honoria
      The work went backward.
Synonyms Antonyms Translations Noun

backward

  1. The state behind or past.
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act I, scene ii]:
      In the dark backward and abysm of time.
Related terms


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