brake
Pronunciation Noun

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A fern; bracken. [from 14th c.]
Noun

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A thicket, or an area overgrown with briers etc. [from 15th c.]
    • He halts, and searches with his eyes
      Among the scatter'd rocks:
      And now at distance can discern
      A stirring in a brake of fern […]
    • 1593, [William Shakespeare], Venvs and Adonis, London: Imprinted by Richard Field, […], OCLC 837166078 ↗; Shakespeare’s Venvs & Adonis: […], 4th edition, London: J[oseph] M[alaby] Dent and Co. […], 1896, OCLC 19803734 ↗:
      Rounds rising hillocks, brakes obscure and rough, / To shelter thee from tempest and from rain.
    • 1808 February 21, Walter Scott, “(please specify the introduction or canto number, or chapter name)”, in Marmion; a Tale of Flodden Field, Edinburgh: Printed by J[ames] Ballantyne and Co. for Archibald Constable and Company, […]; London: William Miller, and John Murray, OCLC 270129616 ↗:
      He stayed not for brake, and he stopped not for stone.
Noun

brake (plural brakes)

  1. A tool used for breaking flax or hemp. [from 15th c.]
  2. A type of machine for bending sheet metal. (See wikipedia.)
  3. A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after ploughing; a drag.
Translations Verb

brake (brakes, present participle braking; past and past participle braked)

  1. (transitive) To bruise and crush; to knead
    The farmer's son brakes the flax while mother brakes the bread dough
  2. (transitive) To pulverise with a harrow
Noun

brake (plural brakes)

  1. (military) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow and ballista.
    1. (obsolete) The winch of a crossbow. [14th-19th c.]
  2. (chiefly nautical) The handle of a pump.
    Synonyms: swipe
  3. A device used to slow or stop the motion of a wheel, or of a vehicle, by friction; also, the controls or apparatus used to engage such a mechanism such as the pedal in a car. [from 18th c.]
    1. The act of braking, of using a brake to slow down a machine or vehicle
    2. (engineering) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam engine or other motor by weighing the amount of friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
    3. (figuratively) Something used to retard or stop some action, process etc.
  4. A baker's kneading trough.
  5. A device used to confine or prevent the motion of an animal.
    1. A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith is shoeing him.
    2. An enclosure to restrain cattle, horses, etc.
      • 1868, March 7, The Illustrated London News, number 1472, volume 52, “Law and Police”, page 223 ↗:
        He was shooting, and the field where the [cock-fighting] ring was verged on the shooting-brake where the rabbits were.
      • A horse […] which Philip had bought […] and because of his fierceness kept him within a brake of iron bars.
    3. A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in horses.Brake (carriage)
    4. A carriage for transporting shooting parties and their equipment.Shooting-brake
  6. That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or engine, which enables it to turn.
Translations
  • Dutch: gekstok
  • French: bringuebale
  • German: Geckstock, Geck, Pumpengeck, Pumpenschwengel
  • Italian: manovella della tromba
  • Portuguese: embalete
  • Russian: рука́в
  • Spanish: guimbalete
Translations Translations Verb

brake (brakes, present participle braking; past and past participle braked)

  1. (intransitive) To operate (a) brake(s).
  2. (intransitive) To be stopped or slowed (as if) by braking.
Synonyms
  • (to operate brakes)
  • (to be stopped or slowed (as if) by braking) See also Thesaurus:stop
Antonyms Translations Translations Noun

brake (plural brakes)

  1. (obsolete) A cage. [16th-17th c.]
  2. (now historical) A type of torture instrument. [from 16th c.]
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 83:
      Methods of applying pain were many and ingenious, in particular the ways of twisting, stretching and manipulating the body out of shape, normally falling under the catch-all term of the rack, or the brakes.
Verb
  1. (archaic) simple past tense of break
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Exodus 32:3 ↗:
      And all the people brake off the golden earrings {{...}

Brake
Proper noun
  1. Surname



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