counter
Pronunciation
  • (America) IPA: /ˈkaʊntɚ/, [ˈkʰaʊ̯ɾ̃ɚ]
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈkaʊntə/

Noun

counter (plural counters)

  1. An object (now especially a small disc) used in counting or keeping count, or as a marker in games, etc.
    He rolled a six on the dice, so moved his counter forward six spaces.
  2. (curling) Any stone lying closer to the center than any of the opponent's stones.
  3. A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is transacted; a shop tabletop on which goods are examined, weighed or measured.
    He put his money on the counter, and the shopkeeper put it in the till.
  4. One who counts, or reckons up; a reckoner.
    He's only 16 months, but is already a good counter – he can count to 100.
  5. A telltale; a contrivance attached to an engine, printing press, or other machine, for the purpose of counting the revolutions or the pulsations.
  6. (historical) The prison attached to a city court; a Counter.
  7. (grammar) A class of word used along with numbers to count objects and events, typically mass nouns. Although rare and optional in English (e.g. "20 head of cattle"), they are numerous and required in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
  8. In a kitchen, a surface, often built into the wall and above a cabinet, whereon various food preparations take place.
  9. In a bathroom, a surface, often built into the wall and above a cabinet, which holds the washbasin.
  10. (wrestling) A proactive defensive hold or move in reaction to a hold or move by one's opponent.
    Always know a counter to any hold you try against your opponent.
  11. (typography) The enclosed or partly closed negative space of a glyph.
  12. (programming) A variable, memory location, etc. whose contents are incremented to keep a count.
  13. (Internet) A hit counter.
Synonyms Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • Russian: счётчик
Translations Translations
  • Russian: встре́чный уда́р
Translations
  • Russian: противове́с
Translations Translations
  • Russian: за́дник

Adverb

counter (not comparable)

  1. Contrary, in opposition; in an opposite direction.
    • 1693, [John Locke], “§94”, in Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], OCLC 1161614482 ↗:
      running counter to all the rules of virtue
  2. In the wrong way; contrary to the right course.
    a hound that runs counter
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act IV, scene v]:
      My lord, for your many courtesies I thank you.
    • which [darts] they never throw counter, but at the back of the flier
Synonyms Translations
  • French: contre
  • Italian: contro
  • Portuguese: contra
  • Russian: противополо́жный
  • Spanish: en contra

Noun

counter (plural counters)

  1. (nautical) The overhanging stern of a vessel above the waterline, below and somewhat forward of the stern proper.
  2. The piece of a shoe or a boot around the heel of the foot (above the heel of the shoe/boot).
    • 1959, J. D. Salinger, Seymour: An Introduction:
      Seymour, sitting in an old corduroy armchair across the room, a cigarette going, wearing a blue shirt, gray slacks, moccasins with the counters broken down, a shaving cut on the side of his face […]
  3. (obsolete) An encounter.
    • with kindly counter under mimic shade
  4. (music) Alternative form of contra Formerly used to designate any under part which served for contrast to a principal part, but now used as equivalent to countertenor.
  5. The breast, or that part of a horse between the shoulders and under the neck.
  6. (typography) The area of a letter that is entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol.

Verb

counter (counters, present participle countering; past and past participle countered)

  1. To contradict, oppose.
  2. (boxing) To return a blow while receiving one, as in boxing.
    • His left hand countered provokingly.
  3. To take action in response to; to respond.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To encounter.
Translations Translations Translations
Adjective

counter (not comparable)

  1. Contrary or opposing
    His carrying a knife was counter to my plan.
    Synonyms: opposite, contrasted, opposed, adverse, antagonistic
    • Innumerable facts attesting the counter principle.

Counter
Proper noun
  1. Surname



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