orient
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈɔː.ɹɪ.ənt/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈɔ.ɹi.ənt/, /ˈɒ.ɹɪ-/
Proper noun
  1. Usually preceded by the: alternative letter-case form of Orient#English|Orient (“a region or a part#Noun|part of the world to the east of a certain place#Noun|place; countries of Asia, the East (especially East Asia)”) [from 14th c.]
    Antonyms: occident
Noun

orient (plural orients)

  1. The part of the horizon where the sun#Noun|sun first appears in the morning; the east.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, “Sonnet 7”, in Shake-speares Sonnets. Neuer before Imprinted, London: By G[eorge] Eld for T[homas] T[horpe] and are to be sold by William Aspley, OCLC 216596634 ↗:
      Loe in the Orient when the gracious light, / Lifts vp his burning head, each vunder eye / Doth homage to his new appearing ſight, [...]
    • 1847, Alfred Tennyson, The Princess: A Medley, London: Edward Moxon, […], OCLC 2024748 ↗, part III, page 47 ↗:
      Morn in the white wake of the morning star / Came furrowing all the orient into gold.
  2. (obsolete) A pearl#Noun|pearl originating from the Indian#Adjective|Indian region, repute#Verb|reputed to be of great#Adjective|great brilliance; (by extension) any pearl of particular beauty and value#Noun|value. [19th c.]
    • 1831, Thomas Carlyle, “Editorial Difficulties”, in Sartor Resartus: The Life and Opinions of Herr Teufelsdröckh. In Three Books, London: Chapman and Hall, […], OCLC 614372740 ↗, book first, page 5 ↗:
      It is indeed an 'extensive Volume,' of boundless, almost formless contents, a very Sea of Thought; neither calm nor clear, if you will; yet wherein the toughest pearl-diver may dive to his utmost depth, and return not only with sea-wreck but with true orients.
    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, chapter XI, in The Picture of Dorian Gray, London; New York, N.Y.; Melbourne, Vic.: Ward Lock & Co., OCLC 34363729 ↗, page 204 ↗:
      Henry II. wore jewelled gloves reaching to the elbow, and had a hawk-glove sewn with twelve rubies and fifty-two great orients.
  3. (by extension) The brilliance or colour of a high-quality pearl.
Adjective

orient (not comparable)

  1. (dated, poetic, also, figuratively) rising#Adjective|Rising, like the morning sun#Noun|sun.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book V ↗”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708 ↗; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554 ↗, lines 175–176:
      Moon, that now meetſt the orient sun, now fli'ſt / With the fixt Starrs, fixt in thir Orb that flies, [...]
  2. (dated, poetic) Of the colour#Noun|colour of the sky at daybreak; bright red.
    Synonyms: Orient red
  3. (obsolete, except, poetic) Of, face#Verb|facing, or located in the east#Noun|east; eastern, oriental.
    Antonyms: occidental
  4. (obsolete, except, poetic) Of a pearl or other gem: of great#Adjective|great brilliance and value#Noun|value; (by extension) bright, lustrous.
    Synonyms: Thesaurus:shining
    • 1580, R[ichard] H[akluyt], compiler, “Notes in Writing besides More Priuie by Mouth that were Giuen by a Gentleman, Anno. 1580. to M. Arthure Pette and to M. Charles Iackman, Sent by the Marchants of the Muscouie Companie for the Discouerie of the Northeast Strayte, [… ↗]”, in Divers Voyages Touching the Discouerie of America, and the Ilands adiacent vnto the Same, […], imprinted at London: [By Thomas Dawson] for Thomas VVoodcocke, […], published 1582, OCLC 1121309079 ↗:
      Thinges to be carried with you, whereof more or leſſe is to be caried for a ſhewe of our commodities to bee made. kersey#English|Kerſies of all orient coulours, ſpecially of ſtamel [a fine worsted], broadcloth#English|brodecloth of orient colours alſo.
    • 1589, Ralph Lane, “An Account of the Peculiarities of the Imployments of the English Men Left in Virginia by Sir Richard Greeneuill vnder the Charge of Master Ralfe Lane General of the same, from the 17. of August, 1585, vntill the 18. of Iune 1586, at which Time They Departed the Countrie: [...]”, in Richard Hakluyt, The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries of the English Nation, […], imprinted at London: By George Bishop and Ralph Newberie, deputies to Christopher Barker, printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majestie, OCLC 753964576 ↗, 1st part (Declaring the Particularities of the Countrey of Virginia), page 739 ↗:
      [...] He gaue me a rope of the ſame Pearle, but they were blacke, and naught, yet many of them were very great, and a fewe amongſt a number very orient and round, [...]
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act IV, scene iv], page 198 ↗, column 1:
      The liquid drops of Teares that you have ſhed, / Shall come againe, transform'd to Orient Pearle, [...]
    • 1634 October 9 (first performance), [John Milton], H[enry] Lawes, editor, A Maske Presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634: […] [Comus], London: Printed [by Augustine Matthews] for Hvmphrey Robinson, […], published 1637, OCLC 228715864 ↗; reprinted as Comus: […] (Dodd, Mead & Company’s Facsimile Reprints of Rare Books; Literature Series; no. I), New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1903, OCLC 1113942837 ↗, page 3 ↗:
      And in thick ſhelter of black ſhades imbowr'd / Excells his Mother at her mightie Art / Offring to every wearie Travailer / His [{{w
    • c. 1806–1809, William Wordsworth, “Book the Fourth. Despondency Corrected.”, in The Excursion, being a Portion of The Recluse, a Poem, London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, […], published 1814, OCLC 1108654590 ↗, page 166 ↗:
      [B]ooks are your's, / Within whose silent chambers treasure lies / Preserved from age to age; more precious far / Than that accumulated store of gold / And orient gems, which for a day of need / The Sultan hides within ancestral tombs.
Verb

orient (orients, present participle orienting; past and past participle oriented) (commonly US)

  1. (transitive) To build#Verb|build or place#Verb|place (something) so as to face#Verb|face eastward.
  2. (transitive, by extension) To align or place (a person or object#Noun|object) so that his, her, or its east side, north side, etc., is position#Verb|positioned toward the corresponding#Adjective|corresponding point#Noun|points of the compass#Noun|compass; (specifically, surveying) to rotate (a map#Noun|map attached to a plane table) until the line#Noun|line of direction between any two of its points is parallel#Adjective|parallel to the corresponding direction in nature.
    Synonyms: orientate
  3. (transitive) To direct#Verb|direct towards or point#Verb|point at a particular direction.
    Synonyms: orientate
    The workers oriented all the signs to face the road.
  4. (transitive, reflexive) To determine which direction one is face#Verb|facing.
    Let me just orient myself and we can be on our way.
  5. (transitive, often, reflexive, figuratively) To familiarize (oneself or someone) with a circumstance or situation.
    Synonyms: orientate
    Antonyms: disorient, disorientate
    Give him time to orient himself within the new hierarchy.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To set#Verb|set the focus#Noun|focus of (something) so as to appeal#Verb|appeal or relate to a certain group#Noun|group.
    We will orient our campaign to the youth who are often disinterested.
  7. (intransitive) To change direction to face a certain way.
Related terms

Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: orientar
  • Russian: ориенти́ровать

Orient
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /ˈɔː.ɹɪ.ənt/
  • (GA) IPA: /ˈɔɹ.i.ənt/, /ˈɒɹ.ɪ-/
Proper noun
  1. Usually preceded by the: a region or a part#Noun|part of the world to the east of a certain place#Noun|place; countries of Asia, the East (especially East Asia).
    Antonyms: Occident
  2. (dated) The countries east of the Mediterranean.
Related terms Translations Proper noun
  1. A city/and/town in Illinois.
  2. A city/and/town in Iowa.
  3. A town in Maine.
  4. A census-designated place/and/hamlet in New York.
  5. A town/and/village in South Dakota.
Noun

orient (plural orients)

  1. A pear cultivar from the United States



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