citizen
Pronunciation
  • (British) IPA: /ˈsɪtɪzən/
  • (America) IPA: /ˈsɪtɪzən/, /ˈsɪtɪsən/
Noun

citizen (plural citizens)

  1. A resident of a city or town, especially one with legally-recognized rights or duties. [from 14th c.]
    • That large body of the working men who were not counted as citizens and had not so much as a vote to serve as an anodyne to their stomachs.
    Synonyms: burgess, burgher, freeman
    hypo en
  2. A legally-recognized member of a state, with associated rights and obligations; a person considered in terms of this role. [from 14th c.]
    • 1990, House of Cards, Season 1, Episode 4:
      Assistant: You'll meet with the managing director and Dr Sinita Brahmachari, the engineer who designed the chair.
      Peter Mackenzie: Indian, is he?
      Assistant: She is a British citizen, Minister. Born in Coventry.
    I am a Roman citizen.
    Synonyms: countryman, national
    Antonyms: alien, illegal alien, foreigner, illegal
    hypo en
  3. An inhabitant or occupant: a member of any place. [from 14th c.]
    Diogenes reckoned himself a citizen of the world.
    • 1979 October, Boys' Life, p. 33:
      A jellyfish... carries poison cells that can sting other citizens of the sea.
    Synonyms: denizen, local, inhabitant, native, occupant, resident
    Antonyms: alien, outsider, stranger
  4. (Christianity) A resident of the heavenly city or (later) of the kingdom of God: a Christian; a good Christian. [from 15th c.]
  5. A civilian, as opposed to a police officer, soldier, or member of some other specialized (usually state) group. [from 16th c.]
  6. (obsolete) An ordinary person, as opposed to nobles and landed gentry on one side and peasants, craftsmen, and laborers on the other. [17th–19th c.]
    • 1782, Frances Burney, Cecilia, III.v.6:
      [W]ould Mr. Delvile, who hardly ever spoke but to the high-born, without seeming to think his dignity somewhat injured, deign to receive for a daughter in law the child of a citizen and tradesman?
  7. (now, historical, usually capitalized) A term of address among French citizens during the French Revolution or towards its supporters elsewhere; (later) a term of address among socialists and communists. [from 18th c.]
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, iii, i, 166:
      Citizen, I desire nothing more than to get to Paris.
    Synonyms: comrade
  8. (computing) An object.
    hypo en
Antonyms Translations Translations
  • Portuguese: cidadão
  • Russian: граждани́н
Translations Translations Translations
Citizen
Noun

citizen (plural citizens)

  1. A pupil of City of London School



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