gauge
Pronunciation Noun

gauge (plural gauges)

  1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard
    • 2007. Zerzan, John. Silence. p. 2.
      The record of philosophy vis-à-vis silence is generally dismal, as good a gauge as any to its overall failure.
    • the gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and contempt
  2. An act of measuring.
  3. An estimate.
  4. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things
  5. A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
  6. (rail transport) The distance between the rails of a railway.
  7. (mathematics, analysis) A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
  8. (knitting) The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.
  9. (nautical) Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind.
    A vessel has the weather gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
  10. (nautical) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
  11. (plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to make it set more quickly.
  12. That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.
  13. (firearms) A unit of measurement which describes how many spheres of bore diameter of a shotgun can be had from one pound of lead; 12 gauge is roughly equivalent to .75 caliber.
  14. (US, slang, by extension) A shotgun (synecdoche for 12 gauge shotgun, the most common chambering for combat and hunting shotguns).
  15. A tunnel-like ear piercing consisting of a hollow ring embedded in the lobe.
    • 2013, Destiny Patterson, ‎Samantha Beckworth, ‎Jennifer Proctor, Arose (page 150)
      Jenni didn't really look as though she fit in with the rest of the girls here, she had a nose piercing and angel bites, her long curly dark brown hair with red highlights was pulled back exposing gauges and many other ear piercings and a tattoo […]
Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • German: Maß
  • Italian: seminorma
  • Portuguese: calibre
  • Russian: ме́ра
Verb

gauge (gauges, present participle gauging; past and past participle gauged)

  1. (transitive) To measure or determine with a gauge; to measure the capacity of.
  2. (transitive) To estimate.
  3. (transitive) To appraise the character or ability of; to judge of.
    • c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene ii]:
      You shall not gauge me / By what we do to-night.
  4. (textile, transitive) To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it.
  5. (transitive) To mix (a quantity of ordinary plaster) with a quantity of plaster of Paris.
  6. (transitive) To chip, hew or polish (stones, bricks, etc) to a standard size and/or shape.
Translations Translations
Gauge
Proper noun
  1. A male given name



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