fray (frays, present participle fraying; past and past participle frayed)
- (ambitransitive) To (cause to) unravel; used particularly for the edge of something made of cloth, or the end of a rope.
- The ribbon frayed at the cut end.
- (intransitive, figuratively) To cause exhaustion, wear out (a person's mental strength).
- The hectic day ended in frayed nerves. (Metaphorical use; nerves are visualised as strings)
- (transitive, archaic) frighten; alarm
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981 ↗, Jeremiah 7:33 ↗:
- And the carcases of this people shall be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth; and none shall fray them away.
- 1662, Henry More, An Antidote Against Atheism, Book II, A Collection of Several Philosophical Writings of Dr. Henry More, p. 63:
- "Besides, all the wit and Philosophy in the world can never demonstrate, that the killing and slaughtering of a Beast is anymore then the striking of a Bush where a Bird's Nest is, where you fray away the Bird, and then seize upon the empty Nest."
- What frays ye, that were wont to comfort me affrayed?
- (transitive) To bear the expense of; to defray.
- The charge of my most curious and costly ingredients frayed, I shall acknowledge myself amply satisfied.
- (intransitive) To rub.
- Spanish: costear
fray (plural frays)
- A fight or argument
- Though they did not know the reason for the dispute, they did not hesitate to leap into the fray.
- c. 1591–1595, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act III, scene i]:
- Who began this bloody fray?
- (archaic) Fright.
- French: bagarre, combat
- German: Schlacht, Schlägerei, Auseinandersetzung, Prügelei, Rauferei, Kampf, Prügelei, Rauferei, Getümmel
- Italian: agone, baruffa, mischia
- Portuguese: refrega, briga
- Russian: дра́ка
- Spanish: combate, riña, batalla