declare
Pronunciation
  • (RP) IPA: /dɪˈkleə/
  • (America) IPA: /dɪˈklɛɚ/, /dəˈklɛɚ/
Verb

declare (declares, present participle declaring; past and past participle declared)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To make clear, explain, interpret.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Matthew XV:
      Then answered Peter and sayd to him: declare unto us thys parable.
    • To declare this a little, we must assume that the surfaces of all such bodies […] are exactly smooth.
  2. (intransitive) To make a declaration.
  3. (card games) To show one's cards in order to score.
  4. (transitive) To announce one’s support, choice, opinion, etc.
    He declared him innocent.
  5. (intransitive, cricket) For the captain of the batting side to announce the innings complete even though all batsmen have not been dismissed.
  6. (transitive) To announce something formally or officially.
    declare bankruptcy
    declare victory
    (cricket) declare (an innings) closed
    • 2019, [https://web.archive.org/web/20190311070055/https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/south-korea-proposes-rain-project-with-china-to-cut-pollution/4819207.html VOA Learning English] (public domain)
      One South Korean opposition party called on Moon to declare the current air pollution problem a national disaster.
  7. (intransitive, politics) For a constituency in an election to officially announce the result
    Houghton and Sunderland South was the first constituency to declare in the 2015 general election.
  8. (transitive) To affirm or state something emphatically.
  9. (transitive) To inform government customs or taxation officials of goods one is importing or of income, expenses, or other circumstances affecting one's taxes.
    • 1984, Richard Woodbury and Anastasia Toufexis, "[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,954204-2,00.html Law: The Trouble with Harry]," Time, 2 April:
      The prosecution has introduced evidence, including canceled checks, to show that the judge failed to declare part of his income.
  10. (transitive) To make outstanding debts, e.g. taxes, payable.
  11. (transitive, programming) To explicitly establish the existence of (a variable, function, etc.) without necessarily describing its content.
    The counter "i" was declared as an integer.
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