• IPA: /ɹeɪndʒ/

range (plural ranges)

  1. A line or series of mountains, buildings, etc.
  2. A fireplace; a fire or other cooking apparatus; now specifically, a large cooking stove with many hotplates.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: Printed [by John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938 ↗, book II, canto VII, page 281 ↗:
      Therein an hundred raunges weren pight#English|pight, / And hundred fournaces all burning bright; / By euery fournace many feendes did byde, / Deformed creatures, horrible in ſight, / And euery feend his buſie paines applyde, / To melt the golden metall, ready to be tryde.
    • 1692, Roger L’Estrange, “[A Supplement of Fables, out of Phædrus, Avienus, Camerarius, Neveletus, Apthethonius, Gabrias, Babrias, Abstemius, Alciatus, Boccalini, Baudoin, De la Fontaine, Æsope en Belle Humeur, Meslier, &c.] Fab[le] CCCCXXXVIII. A Fool and a Hot Iron.”, in Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: […], London: Printed for R[ichard] Sare, […], OCLC 228727523 ↗, page 415 ↗:
      There was juſt ſuch another Innocent as this, in my Fathers Family : He did the Courſe Work in the Kitchin, and was bid at his firſt Coming to take off the Range, and let down the Cynders before he went to Bed.
  3. Selection, array.
    We sell a wide range of cars.
  4. An area for practicing shooting at targets.
  5. An area for military training or equipment testing.
    Synonyms: base, training area, training ground
  6. The distance from a person or sensor to an object, target, emanation, or event.
    We could see the ship at a range of five miles.
    One can use the speed of sound to estimate the range of a lightning flash.
    Synonyms: distance, radius
  7. Maximum distance of capability (of a weapon, radio, detector, fuel supply, etc.).
    This missile's range is 500 kilometres.
  8. An area of open, often unfenced, grazing land.
  9. Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope.
  10. (mathematics) The set of values (points) which a function can obtain.
    Antonyms: domain
  11. (statistics) The length of the smallest interval which contains all the data in a sample; the difference between the largest and smallest observations in the sample.
  12. (sports, baseball) The defensive area that a player can cover.
    Jones has good range for a big man.
  13. (music) The scale of all the tones a voice or an instrument can produce.
    Synonyms: compass
  14. (ecology) The geographical area or zone where a species is normally naturally found.
  15. (programming) A sequential list of values specified by an iterator.
    std::for_each  calls the given function on each value in the input range.
  16. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.
    • The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences.
  17. (obsolete) The step of a ladder; a rung.
  18. (obsolete, UK, dialect) A bolting sieve to sift meal.
  19. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
    • He may take a range all the world over.
  20. (US, historical) In the public land system, a row or line of townships lying between two succession meridian lines six miles apart.
  21. The scope of something, the extent that something covers or includes.
  22. The variety of roles that an actor can play in a satisfactory way.
    By playing in comedies as well as in dramas he has proved his range as an actor.
    By playing in comedies as well as in dramas he has proved his acting range.
Translations Translations Translations Translations
  • French: champ champ de tir
  • German: Schießstand
  • Italian: poligono di tiro
  • Portuguese: campo de tiro, carreira de tiro
  • Russian: полиго́н
  • Spanish: campo de tiro
  • French: terrain (de chasse) m
  • German: Übungsplatz
  • Russian: полиго́н
Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Translations Verb

range (ranges, present participle ranging; past and past participle ranged)

  1. (intransitive) To travel over (an area, etc); to roam, wander. [from 15th c.]
  2. (transitive) To rove over or through.
    to range the fields
    • Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake.
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) To exercise the power of something over something else; to cause to submit to, over. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 40, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes, […], book I, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount […], OCLC 946730821 ↗:
      The soule is variable in all manner of formes, and rangeth to her selfe, and to her estate, whatsoever it be, the senses of the body, and all other accidents.
  4. (transitive) To bring (something) into a specified position or relationship (especially, of opposition) with something else. [from 16th c.]
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 22
      At last we gained such an offing, that the two pilots were needed no longer. The stout sail-boat that had accompanied us began ranging alongside.
    • 1910, Saki, ‘The Bag’, Reginald in Russia:
      In ranging herself as a partisan on the side of Major Pallaby Mrs. Hoopington had been largely influenced by the fact that she had made up her mind to marry him at an early date.
  5. (intransitive, mathematics, computing, followed by over) Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.
    The variable x ranges over all real values from 0 to 10.
  6. (transitive) To classify.
    to range plants and animals in genera and species
  7. (intransitive) To form a line or a row.
    The front of a house ranges with the street.
    • which way the forests range
    • 1873, James Thomson (B.V.), The City of Dreadful Night
      The street-lamps burn amid the baleful glooms, / Amidst the soundless solitudes immense / Of ranged mansions dark and still as tombs.
  8. (intransitive) To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
    • 1613, William Shakespeare; [John Fletcher], “The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358 ↗, [Act II, scene iii]:
      And range with humble livers in content.
  9. (transitive) To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order.
    • Bible, 2 Macc. xii. 20
      Maccabeus ranged his army by hands.
  10. (transitive) To place among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; usually, reflexively and figuratively, to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.
    • It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society.
  11. (biology) To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region.
    The peba ranges from Texas to Paraguay.
  12. To separate into parts; to sift.
  13. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near.
    to range the coast
  14. (baseball) Of a player, to travel a significant distance for a defensive play.
    • 2009, Jason Aronoff, Going, Going ... Caught!: Baseball's Great Outfield Catches as Described by Those Who Saw Them, 1887-1964, page 250 ↗, ISBN 0786441135
      Willie, playing in left-center, raced toward a ball no human had any business getting a glove to. Mays ranged to his left, searching, digging in, pouring on the speed, as the crowd screamed its anticipation of a triple.

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